Rosalina & Luma (SSBU)
Rosalina & Luma (ロゼッタ&チコ, Rosetta & Chiko) are playable fighters in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. They were revealed for the game along with King Dedede and the rest of the veterans on June 12th, 2018, now as unlockable fighters. Although they are a team, Rosalina & Luma are collectively classified as Fighter #48.
Kerri Kane's portrayal of Rosalina from Mario Kart 7, Mario Golf: World Tour, and Super Smash Bros. 4 was repurposed for Ultimate in all regions in place of Laura Faye Smith, who currently voices Rosalina across various pieces of Mario media. Yuya Takezawa's portrayal of Luma from Super Mario Galaxy, Mario Kart Wii and Super Mario Galaxy 2 that was used in SSB4 was also repurposed for Ultimate in all regions.
How to unlock
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Rosalina is a tall and floaty lightweight, much like Mewtwo, and Zelda. Rosalina is tied with Falco for being the 14th lightest character in the game; unlike Peach or Zelda, however, her overall grounded mobility is decent, thanks to her above-average initial dash speed and slightly above-average walking and dashing speeds. Rosalina has average air speed, the 2nd highest additional air acceleration values in the game (behind Palutena and tied with Mega Man), and both her jump and double jump have significant height. Additionally, her falling and fast falling speeds are among the slowest, while her gravity is the 2nd lowest in the game. Lastly, the combination of Rosalina's high jump height, low gravity and slow falling speed give her the longest jump duration in the cast, allowing her more than 1 second (71 frames) in the air with an uninterrupted full hop. As a result of these attributes, she is a very floaty character with superb aerial mobility and an ability to remain airborne longer than most other characters in the game.
Due to being allied with Luma, Rosalina also follows the tag team archetype established by the Ice Climbers, and perpetuated by Olimar. Luma can remain next to Rosalina to attack with her, or it can be sent away with Luma Shot to attack from a distance. This allows Rosalina numerous possibilities to attack opponents, as she can essentially create combos by "pinballing" opponents back and forth between herself and Luma. Luma mechanically functions like a blend of Pikmin and Nana of the Ice Climbers: it uses a hit points (HP) mechanic like the former, in which it will be KO'd if it is dealt 40%, and it responds to player inputs like the latter. Unlike Olimar, Rosalina cannot immediately summon Luma once it is KO'd, which forces her to wait 10 seconds (7 seconds if three players are present, and 5 seconds if four or more players are present) until another Luma appears. Luma also cannot experience status effects, such as stun or sleep, which can allow it to attack and fend off opponents if Rosalina happens to find herself put under a status effect that renders her unable to move or attack. Luma also cannot be grabbed, and is able to act when Rosalina herself does get grabbed.
While they are largely defensive characters, Rosalina & Luma have several offensive options that allow them to rack up damage if given the opportunity. They have many attacks with disjointed hitboxes, most notably each of Rosalina's aerials, which are also very useful for racking up damage. Their neutral aerial is a fast, low commitment option with upwards knockback, perfectly complimenting their aerial and juggling oriented fighting style. Her forward aerial keeps the opponent in place, hits multiple times, and combos well with her down throw like Ness' same combo. Despite having a large multi-hitting hitbox, it has the longest amount of landing lag out of her aerials and is generally unsafe on shield. Her and Luma's back aerials are quick semi-spikes and can be used in a wide range of scenarios, such as edge-guarding and spacing. Their up aerial is a capable attack, as it possesses outstanding disjointed range and can KO off the top of some stages when used properly. Although their slowest, down aerial is also a very potent edge-guarding option: Rosalina's hitbox is very large, hard to challenge from below due to its duration, and capable of meteor smashing, whereas Luma's hitbox can easily KO outright thanks to its very high knockback growth and sending opponents directly outward.
Rosalina also has access to a unique advanced technique called Lunar Landing. If Rosalina inputs an aerial attacks right as she lands, the aerial will not come out and she will land without enduring any landing lag (Unless using down air), but Luma will continue performing its respective aerial attack. This allows for greater mix-up and follow-up potential, as well as mindgames, but requires Luma in order to actually be performed. Their dash grab also has a similar occurrence, where if Rosalina performs a dash attack and instantly grabs, Rosalina will perform a dash grab while Luma will perform its respective dash attack. This makes their dash grab a lot safer, and means they can deal an extra 3% just by landing the grab. When coupled with Rosalina's reliable set of throws, these traits give her and Luma even greater mix-up potential, as well as more approaching and punishing options. Using the attack canceling feature built into Ultimate's mechanics, Rosalina can preform one move while Luma does a tilt or dash attack. This also allows for multiple combos and mindgames.
Rosalina & Luma are also gifted with a good set of smash attacks. Their forward smash possesses a large amount of range, making it very useful to finish off opponents. While it has the highest knockback growth out of Rosalina's attacks, it requires Luma's involvement to achieve its true KO potential and range, which is among the best in the game. Their up smash has minimal start-up and, while it possesses less range, is still a great KOing option regardless due to rendering Rosalina's head intangible throughout its duration. Lastly, their down smash is a useful anti-pressure option thanks to it having less start-up and especially ending lag in comparison to their other smashes. Due to it also being a semi-spike, it can also be used for edge-guarding. As of update 13.0.0, it is strong enough to KO reliably, which further bolsters its utility. Luma can also perform smash attacks while away from Rosalina; thus, in a scenario where it is not safe to approach the opponent to KO, Rosalina still can attempt to KO by sending Luma out.
Rosalina and Luma's special moves give them special utility inaccesible to any other character. Luma Shot gives Rosalina a method to attack safely from a distace and gives them superior ledge guarding capabilities. Star Bits, their side special move, is a very good tool for keeping opponents away from. It cannot be clanked with and has long lasting hitboxes, allowing it to stop fast approaches like a Sonic Spin Dash. When used properly, Rosalina is practically immune to projectiles via Gravitational Pull. While it does not deal damage, it causes Rosalina to completely nullify any projectile near her. Despite not being a reflector, it shares the same ability of making incoming items and projectiles come under Rosalina's ownership, which means any opponents can be damaged by the orbiting item or projectile if they are too close. In addition, Gravitational Pull activates on frame 4 and has very little ending lag, making it difficult for an opponent to punish her for using it. This allows Rosalina to virtually shut down projectile-reliant playstyles of zoning-oriented characters such as Villager, as their over-reliance on projectiles causes them to have a difficult time fighting her so long as Gravitational Pull is properly used. Although situational, Gravitational Pull can also gimp certain recoveries, with the best examples being PK Thunder; Rosalina can immediately pull away the PSI lightning bolt projectile before Ness or Lucas can use it to recover, rendering them helpless as a result. Aside from Gravitational Pull, Luma can also be used to block projectiles, although this comes at the cost of depleting its HP.
Despite her various strengths, Rosalina has noticeable weaknesses. Her tall height sometimes makes it very hard to avoid attacks, while her light weight causes her to be very susceptible to early KOs. Although Launch Star provides an extremely long-distanced recovery, it lacks any sort of hitbox (until Luma is able to act at the end of the move), making her vulnerable to meteor smashes. Her disadvantage state is extremely poor, as she cannot deal with juggling very well thanks to her slow falling speed and average air speed, though her very high air acceleration, invisible neutral air dodge and hard-to-contest aerials can allow her some control over mixing up her landing. Her biggest flaw, however, is that she is drastically weakened without Luma, as her respective attacks' knockback values are unimpressive and both Luma Shot and Star Bits are rendered useless. Although Luma will inevitably respawn, the 10 seconds it takes to do so can be more than enough time for the opponent to land a combo or score a KO on Rosalina. This is further compounded by Luma's inability to act out of a tumble until landing on the ground, as attacks that knock Luma off-stage will result in it being inevitably KO'd, regardless of how much HP it has. Most of the cast also has a reliable move to use in order to KO Luma and thus avoid the risk of being punished by Rosalina. However, both she and Luma have a particularly difficult time against characters with larger disjoints or fast moves that deal high base knockback, especially because Luma takes more knockback than it did in SSB4.
Overall, Rosalina & Luma have a high learning curve, where players must become comfortable with using her aerial bait-and-punish abilities as well as her grounded keep away options. Players must also learn when to separate Rosalina from Luma, as well as when to protect each during the course of a match with their various options. Mastering her unique playstyle allows for creating impressive tag-team combos and scoring KOs through strong pressure.
Changes from Super Smash Bros. 4
During the initial release of the game, Rosalina & Luma were drastically nerfed overall in the transition from SSB4 to Ultimate much like Corrin and Bayonetta, but also received significant buffs from game updates. Overall, Rosalina & Luma received a mixture of buffs and nerfs in their transition from SSB4 to Ultimate, being nerfed overall in a similar manner to Cloud, likely as a result of their previous top tier (5th out of 55) placement.
The universal changes allow Rosalina & Luma to juggle and gimp opponents more easily, but also makes it more difficult for them to land and get back to the stage. All of their aerials have reduced landing lag, which allows them to chain moves more easily. Luma's respawn time has been shortened, and instead of always respawning after a fixed period of time in all modes of play, the respawn time now depends on the amount of players present in a match, being significantly shorter if there are at least four players in a match. Star Bits has more range, enhancing its zoning utility. Gravitational Pull now auto-equips items, which makes it easier for Rosalina to retaliate with throwable objects (such as Metal Blades, Gyros, Remote Bombs, and Vegetables). Rosalina's new neutral aerial has much less ending lag and offers better protection when Luma is gone, while her forward aerial is much faster too, especially in terms of ending lag. Luma also receives a new damage boost when detethered from Rosalina. This incentivizes Rosalina players to send Luma out and take advantage of her zoning potential. Her aerials have altered autocancel windows, allowing neutral and forward aerial to autocancel in a short hop, and the former can even do so in a short hop fast fall, improving her approach when combined with the universal improvement to mobility.
On the other hand, Rosalina & Luma also received critical nerfs to their potent movesets. Their neutral aerial has fewer active frames and Luma's increased startup, which makes it a less useful option for approaching which greatly hinders their ability to "wall out" certain characters. Rosalina's notorious up aerial had its endlag increased, meaning that it can no longer chain into itself as easily. Gravitational Pull is slower and has lower range, making it unsafe against characters with fast projectiles. Luma also does not move forward as much when using its neutral attack, which severely impedes Rosalina's ability to stop approaches, ledge trap, and zone her opponents. Finally, the biggest nerf involves Luma, who now is frailer than ever, as it has not only has less HP, but also takes more knockback from attacks, making it much easier to KO; in addition, Luma does not benefit from its additional damage multiplier if tethered to Rosalina, making it less effective when paired with her.
Due to the significant changes to their moveset, Rosalina & Luma are forced to play much more oppressively compared to in SSB4, which changes their playstyle substantially. Due to said playstyle being considerably less effective, however, they are considered to be noticeably worse than their iteration in SSB4. This has shown in their very minimal tournament results in Ultimate's early metagame with an overall smaller playerbase. Rosalina & Luma's overall perception became extremely negative, with players such as MkLeo, Dark Wizzy, and ESAM describing them as competitively unviable, and Dabuz, who was the best Rosalina & Luma player in SSB4, even going as far as to describe them as being some of the worst characters in the entire game. In more recent times, however, Dabuz has started using them more as a co-main to his Olimar, and both Homika and Kirihara have placed high with the duo at tournaments at their regions. On top of this, they have received significant buffs from balance patches, which have helped to negate some of their previous nerfs. This has led to most professionals who once believed the duo to be a low or even bottom tier characters to re-evaluate their opinions, with most of them now considering Rosalina & Luma to be firmly in the mid-tier. However, some others are convinced that Rosalina & Luma are possibly high tier characters; Dabuz, in particular, is convinced they have reclaimed their status as top tier characters. Although Rosalina & Luma are still agreed to be worse than in SSB4, their true viability remains questionable.
Rosalina & Luma received a mix of buffs, nerfs and glitch fixes via game updates, but were buffed significantly overall. Most notably, Luma's physics were reverted almost entirely to how they functioned in SSB4. In addition to undoing undesired behavior changes that it gained in the transition to Ultimate, this also restored Luma's renowned reverse aerial rushed back aerial. Aside from the reversion to its physics, Luma's re-spawn time was shortened even further, and some of its moves received minor buffs to their knockback and lag, with the latter improvements helping it synchronize better with Rosalina. Update 13.0.1 also notably reduced Luma's speed when it is launched by an attack; this allows it to tank hits it previously could not have. However, Luma also received minor nerfs: Luma Shot and Star Bits had their shield damage outputs lowered due to a near-universal nerf to projectiles in update 3.0.0, and its hit points were decreased from 50 to 40 in update 3.1.0.
Although Rosalina's buffs are not as drastic in comparison to Luma's, they are nevertheless worthwhile. Launch Star's safety issues were alleviated in two ways: update 2.0.0 enabled Rosalina to grab edges more reliably throughout its duration, while update 3.1.0 increased her fast falling speed upon using it. Neutral aerial's start-up lag was decreased slightly (a buff shared with Luma) and its hitboxes were improved, which improved its utility for approaching and starting combos. In comparison, down aerial's meteor smashing hitbox now functions consistently because of its sourspot being removed. Aside from these changes, Rosalina also received a few minor buffs in the forms of slight lag decreases for her grabs and forward aerial, shortened edge lockout times for her neutral and forward aerials, a larger shield as part of a near-universal buff, and improved hitboxes for her forward aerial.
Overall, Rosalina & Luma fare significantly better than they did at the launch of Ultimate.
In competitive play
Upon Ultimate's release, players immediately noticed nerfs to Luma's attacks and survivability that severely hampered Rosalina's ability to stop approaches, ledge trap, and zone her opponents as effectively as in the duo's previous iteration. Additionally, swordfighters were prevalent in the early metagame, which made Luma very vulnerable to being outranged. Despite Meta Knight and Cloud, her worst matchups in SSB4, being significantly nerfed, some professionals claimed that Rosalina & Luma's nerfs were too harsh for the character to even be mid tier, and as a result they had little representation in the early metagame, especially since their best player, Dabuz, dropped the character.
However, Rosalina & Luma would receive significant buffs in 2.0.0 and 3.1.0 that negated some of their severe nerfs, especially to their range, power and frame data. As a result, Dabuz once again picked up Rosalina & Luma—albeit only as a co-main—while other players, such as Kirihara and Homika, started to gain better results. Although Rosalina & Luma are still agreed to be one of the most nerfed characters during the transition from SSB4 to Ultimate, their perception has significantly improved since the game's initial release, with most professionals now considering her to be a mid-tier or high tier with Dabuz putting her in top tier.
Most historically significant players
Any number following the Smasher name indicates placement on the Fall 2019 PGRU, which recognizes the official top 50 players in the world in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate from July 13th, 2019 to December 15th, 2019.
Classic Mode: One Star after Another
Rosalina & Luma's opponents hail from franchises that occur in outer space and/or on alien planets. The exception is Bowser, who is fought in reference to his boss battles in Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2. The boss of this route, Marx, fits with the cosmic theme due to how the final battle against him in Kirby Super Star occurs in outer space. In addition, Assist Trophies summon Starfy exclusively, presumably due to his resemblance to Power Stars and his own ambiguously alien heritage.
Role in World of Light
Rosalina & Luma were among the fighters that were summoned to fight the army of Master Hands.
During the opening cutscene, Rosalina & Luma were present on the cliffside when Galeem unleashed his beams of light. They attempted to fly away alongside Diddy Kong, but both of them were hit by a light beam, vaporized, and placed under Galeem's imprisonment along with the other fighters, excluding Kirby.
Rosalina & Luma were among the many fighters that fell under Dharkon's control after Galeem was first defeated. They are found in The Dark Realm near the entrance of the Mysterious Dimension sub-area, where the spirit of MegaMan.EXE must be confronted before approaching them.
Rosalina's fighter spirit can be obtained by completing Classic Mode. It is also available periodically for purchase in the shop for 300 Gold, but only after Rosalina & Luma have been unlocked. Unlocking Rosalina & Luma in World of Light allows the player to preview the first spirit below in the Spirit List under the name "???". As a fighter spirit, it cannot be used in Spirit Battles and is purely aesthetic. Strangely, Luma is not part of Rosalina's fighter spirit despite the two being a duo fighter. Her fighter spirit has an alternate version that replaces it with their artwork in Ultimate.
Additionally, Rosalina makes an appearance in a few primary and support spirits, and a yellow Luma appears on its own as a support spirit.
In Spirit battles
As the main opponent
As a minion
Fighter Showcase Video