Super Smash Bros. series

Traction

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"Friction" redirects here. For aerial friction, see here.
Because Luigi has a very small amount of traction, he slides very noticeably after finishing a dash.

Traction is a measure of how long it takes for a character to stop moving from a sideways force when grounded. Characters with low traction slide farther than others after walking, dashing, wavedashing, being hit by an attack while grounded, and so on.

Having high traction affords greater ground control over a character, so high traction is generally an advantage. Characters with low traction generally require more precise movement across the ground and cannot punish attacks as effectively out of shield since they will get pushed further away from the opponent. However, there are cases where low traction is useful: low traction is necessary for a long wavedash in Super Smash Bros. Melee and a long dash pivot cancel in Brawl, and there are cases where sliding away from a shielded attack can help escape multiple hits. In Super Smash Bros., characters with lower traction get pushed further away when being attacked when in shield, which makes follow-ups and potential shield breaks harder.

Luigi is well-known for having the least traction of any character in all games except Super Smash Bros. Ultimate; this originates from his low traction in most of the Mario platformers, which balances out his higher jumping.

Traction is also affected by terrain. For instance, nearly all characters have decreased traction on slippery surfaces such as ice. However, the Ice Climbers uniquely have the reverse of this functionality: their normally low traction becomes higher on slippery surfaces.

Traction rankings[edit]

Super Smash Bros.[edit]

Rank Character Value
1-5 Link's head icon from SSB. Link 2
1-5 Samus's head icon from SSB. Samus 2
1-5 Fox's head icon from SSB. Fox 2
1-5 Pikachu's head icon from SSB. Pikachu 2
1-5 Ness's head icon from SSB. Ness 2
6 C. Falcon's head icon from SSB. Captain Falcon 1.8
7 DK's head icon from SSB. Donkey Kong 1.7
8 Yoshi's head icon from SSB. Yoshi 1.6
9 Mario's head icon from SSB. Mario 1.5
10 Kirby's head icon from SSB. Kirby 1.4
11 Jigglypuff's head icon from SSB. Jigglypuff 1.1
12 Luigi's head icon from SSB. Luigi 0.7

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

Rank Character Value
1-4 PeachHeadSSBM.png Peach 0.1
1-4 LinkHeadSSBM.png Link 0.1
1-4 ZeldaHeadSSBM.png Zelda 0.1
1-4 PichuHeadSSBM.png Pichu 0.1
5-6 PikachuHeadSSBM.png Pikachu 0.09
5-6 JigglypuffHeadSSBM.png Jigglypuff 0.09
7-13 DonkeyKongHeadSSBM.png Donkey Kong 0.08
7-13 YoungLinkHeadSSBM.png Young Link 0.08
7-13 SheikHeadSSBM.png Sheik 0.08
7-13 KirbyHeadSSBM.png Kirby 0.08
7-13 FoxHeadSSBM.png Fox 0.08
7-13 FalcoHeadSSBM.png Falco 0.08
7-13 CaptainFalconHeadSSBM.png Captain Falcon 0.08
14 GanondorfHeadSSBM.png Ganondorf 0.07
15-23 MarioHeadSSBM.png Mario 0.06
15-23 DrMarioHeadSSBM.png Dr. Mario 0.06
15-23 BowserHeadSSBM.png Bowser 0.06
15-23 YoshiHeadSSBM.png Yoshi 0.06
15-23 SamusHeadSSBM.png Samus 0.06
15-23 NessHeadSSBM.png Ness 0.06
15-23 MarthHeadSSBM.png Marth 0.06
15-23 RoyHeadSSBM.png Roy 0.06
15-23 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBM.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
24 MewtwoHeadSSBM.png Mewtwo 0.04
25 IceClimbersHeadSSBM.png Ice Climbers 0.035
26 LuigiHeadSSBM.png Luigi 0.025

Super Smash Bros. Brawl[edit]

Rank Character Value
1 LucarioHeadSSBB.png Lucario 0.0736
2 JigglypuffHeadSSBB.png Jigglypuff 0.0718
3-6 WarioHeadSSBB.png Wario 0.07
3-6 ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSBB.png Zero Suit Samus 0.07
3-6 WolfHeadSSBB.png Wolf 0.07
3-6 SonicHeadSSBB.png Sonic 0.07
7-8 PeachHeadSSBB.png Peach 0.068
7-8 GanondorfHeadSSBB.png Ganondorf 0.068
9 FalcoHeadSSBB.png Falco 0.065
10 LinkHeadSSBB.png Link 0.064
11-16 MarioHeadSSBB.png Mario 0.06
11-16 SheikHeadSSBB.png Sheik 0.06
11-16 FoxHeadSSBB.png Fox 0.06
11-16 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBB.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
11-16 OlimarHeadSSBB.png Olimar 0.06
11-16 ROBHeadSSBB.png R.O.B. 0.06
17 PikachuHeadSSBB.png Pikachu 0.0596
18 SamusHeadSSBB.png Samus 0.0585
19 BowserHeadSSBB.png Bowser 0.0577
20-22 MetaKnightHeadSSBB.png Meta Knight 0.055
20-22 CharizardHeadSSBB.png Charizard 0.055
20-22 MarthHeadSSBB.png Marth 0.055
23 ToonLinkHeadSSBB.png Toon Link 0.0547
24 NessHeadSSBB.png Ness 0.0546
25 SnakeHeadSSBB.png Snake 0.0542
26 ZeldaHeadSSBB.png Zelda 0.054
27 IvysaurHeadSSBB.png Ivysaur 0.0532
28 DonkeyKongHeadSSBB.png Donkey Kong 0.0529
29 PitHeadSSBB.png Pit 0.0505
30 CaptainFalconHeadSSBB.png Captain Falcon 0.05
31 KirbyHeadSSBB.png Kirby 0.0493
32-33 DiddyKongHeadSSBB.png Diddy Kong 0.0484
32-33 KingDededeHeadSSBB.png King Dedede 0.0484
34 LucasHeadSSBB.png Lucas 0.045
35 IkeHeadSSBB.png Ike 0.044
36 YoshiHeadSSBB.png Yoshi 0.0426
37 SquirtleHeadSSBB.png Squirtle 0.042
38 IceClimbersHeadSSBB.png Ice Climbers 0.035
39 LuigiHeadSSBB.png Luigi 0.022

Super Smash Bros. 4[edit]

Rank Character Value
1 Lucario's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Lucario 0.0736
2 Jigglypuff's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Jigglypuff 0.0718
3-5 Wario's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Wario 0.07
3-5 Zero Suit Samus's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Zero Suit Samus 0.07
3-5 Little Mac's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Little Mac 0.07
6-9 Peach's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Peach 0.068
6-9 Rosalina and Luma's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Rosalina 0.068
6-9 Ganondorf's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Ganondorf 0.068
6-9 Palutena's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Palutena 0.068
n/a Giga Bowser 0.067
10-11 Falco's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Falco 0.065
10-11 CorrinHeadSSB4-U.png Corrin 0.065
12-13 Link's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Link 0.064
12-13 Mii Swordfighter's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mii Swordfighter 0.064
14-24 Sheik's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Sheik 0.06
14-24 Fox's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Fox 0.06
14-24 RoyHeadSSB4-U.png Roy 0.06
14-24 Mr. Game & Watch's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
14-24 Olimar's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Olimar 0.06
14-24 ROBHeadGreySSB4-U.png R.O.B. 0.06
14-24 Villager's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Villager 0.06
14-24 Wii Fit Trainer's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Wii Fit Trainer 0.06
14-24 Sonic's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Sonic 0.06
14-24 Mega Man's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mega Man 0.06
14-24 RyuHeadSSB4-U.png Ryu 0.06
n/a Wario-Man 0.06
25 Pikachu's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Pikachu 0.0596
26 SamusHeadSSB4-U.png Samus 0.0585
27 Bowser's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Bowser 0.0577
28-33 Meta Knight's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Meta Knight 0.055
28-33 Marth's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Marth 0.055
28-33 Lucina's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Lucina 0.055
28-33 Robin's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Robin 0.055
28-33 CloudHeadSSB4-U.png Cloud 0.055
28-33 BayonettaHeadSSB4-U.png Bayonetta 0.055
34 Toon Link's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Toon Link 0.0547
35 Ness's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Ness 0.0546
36 Zelda's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Zelda 0.054
37 Donkey Kong's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Donkey Kong 0.0529
38-39 Pit's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Pit 0.0505
38-39 Dark Pit's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Dark Pit 0.0505
40 Captain Falcon's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Captain Falcon 0.05
41 Kirby's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Kirby 0.0493
42-43 Diddy Kong's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Diddy Kong 0.0484
42-43 King Dedede's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. King Dedede 0.0484
44-52 Mario's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mario 0.045
44-52 Dr. Mario's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Dr. Mario 0.045
44-52 Bowser Jr.'s stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Bowser Jr. 0.045
44-52 Greninja's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Greninja 0.045
44-52 LucasHeadSSB4-U.png Lucas 0.045
44-52 Duck Hunt's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Duck Hunt 0.045
44-52 Pac-Man's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Pac-Man 0.045
44-52 Mii Brawler's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mii Brawler 0.045
44-52 Mii Gunner's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mii Gunner 0.045
53-54 Ike's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Ike 0.044
53-54 Shulk's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Shulk 0.044
55 Yoshi's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Yoshi 0.0426
56-57 Mewtwo's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Mewtwo 0.04
56-57 Charizard's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Charizard 0.04
58 Luigi's stock icon in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Luigi 0.024

Super Smash Bros. Ultimate[edit]

In Ultimate, traction has been significantly increased across the cast, with even the lowest traction values being higher than the highest traction values in SSB4. This allows for every character to slow down faster on the ground after moving horizontally, and most notably benefits characters with low traction (such as Luigi and Charizard), as shielded attacks now push them back a much shorter distance, and it is therefore easier for them to punish out of shield. However, the increased traction also results in slide smashes covering less distance than in SSB4 as well. Unlike in previous games, Luigi no longer has the most slippery shoes of the cast, nor is he even in the bottom tenth; the characters with the least traction are now the Mii Gunner and Banjo & Kazooie.

Rank Character Value
1 SonicHeadSSBU.png Sonic 0.138
2-3 DarkPitHeadSSBU.png Dark Pit 0.135
2-3 PitHeadSSBU.png Pit 0.135
4 PikachuHeadSSBU.png Pikachu 0.132
5-8 IsabelleHeadSSBU.png Isabelle 0.131
5-8 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBU.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.131
5-8 NessHeadSSBU.png Ness 0.131
5-8 VillagerHeadSSBU.png Villager 0.131
9-10 JokerHeadSSBU.png Joker 0.13
9-10 MinMinHeadSSBU.png Min Min 0.13
11 CorrinHeadSSBU.png Corrin 0.129
12 WiiFitTrainerHeadSSBU.png Wii Fit Trainer 0.128
13 FalcoHeadSSBU.png Falco 0.127
14-15 BylethHeadSSBU.png Byleth 0.125
14-15 GanondorfHeadSSBU.png Ganondorf 0.125
16 DonkeyKongHeadSSBU.png Donkey Kong 0.123
17-18 IvysaurHeadSSBU.png Ivysaur 0.121
17-18 MythraHeadSSBU.png Mythra 0.121
19 MiiBrawlerHeadSSBU.png Mii Brawler 0.12
20-28 KirbyHeadSSBU.png Kirby 0.116
20-28 LittleMacHeadSSBU.png Little Mac 0.116
20-28 LucarioHeadSSBU.png Lucario 0.116
20-28 LucasHeadSSBU.png Lucas 0.116
20-28 MewtwoHeadSSBU.png Mewtwo 0.116
20-28 Pac-ManHeadSSBU.png Pac-Man 0.116
20-28 SnakeHeadSSBU.png Snake 0.116
20-28 ZeldaHeadSSBU.png Zelda 0.116
20-28 ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSBU.png Zero Suit Samus 0.116
29 FoxHeadSSBU.png Fox 0.115
30-32 IncineroarHeadSSBU.png Incineroar 0.114
30-32 LucinaHeadSSBU.png Lucina 0.114
30-32 MarthHeadSSBU.png Marth 0.114
33 LinkHeadSSBU.png Link 0.113
34 IkeHeadSSBU.png Ike 0.112
35-37 DaisyHeadSSBU.png Daisy 0.111
35-37 PeachHeadSSBU.png Peach 0.111
35-37 TerryHeadSSBU.png Terry 0.111
38-46 Sephiroth's stock icon. Sephiroth 0.11
38-46 BayonettaHeadSSBU.png Bayonetta 0.11
38-46 CharizardHeadSSBU.png Charizard 0.11
38-46 HeroHeadSSBU.png Hero 0.11
38-46 KenHeadSSBU.png Ken 0.11
38-46 MiiSwordfighterHeadSSBU.png Mii Swordfighter 0.11
38-46 PichuHeadSSBU.png Pichu 0.11
38-46 RyuHeadSSBU.png Ryu 0.11
38-46 WolfHeadSSBU.png Wolf 0.11
47-48 ChromHeadSSBU.png Chrom 0.107
47-48 RoyHeadSSBU.png Roy 0.107
49-53 CloudHeadSSBU.png Cloud 0.106
49-53 DrMarioHeadSSBU.png Dr. Mario 0.106
49-53 PalutenaHeadSSBU.png Palutena 0.106
49-53 SheikHeadSSBU.png Sheik 0.106
49-53 WarioHeadSSBU.png Wario 0.106
54-58 CaptainFalconHeadSSBU.png Captain Falcon 0.105
54-58 KingKRoolHeadSSBU.png King K. Rool 0.105
54-58 ROBHeadGreySSBU.png R.O.B. 0.105
54-58 RobinHeadSSBU.png Robin 0.105
54-58 YoungLinkHeadSSBU.png Young Link 0.105
59 BowserHeadSSBU.png Bowser 0.104
60-61 InklingHeadSSBU.png Inkling 0.102
60-61 MarioHeadSSBU.png Mario 0.102
62 RosalinaHeadSSBU.png Rosalina 0.099
63 MetaKnightHeadSSBU.png Meta Knight 0.097
64 LuigiHeadSSBU.png Luigi 0.096
65-66 YoshiHeadSSBU.png Yoshi 0.095
65-66 Steve's stock icon. Steve 0.095
65-66 MegaManHeadSSBU.png Mega Man 0.094
67-68 ShulkHeadSSBU.png Shulk 0.094
69-70 DiddyKongHeadSSBU.png Diddy Kong 0.093
69-70 OlimarHeadSSBU.png Olimar 0.093
71 DuckHuntHeadSSBU.png Duck Hunt 0.09
72-73 SquirtleHeadSSBU.png Squirtle 0.088
72-73 PiranhaPlantHeadSSBU.png Piranha Plant 0.088
74-75 GreninjaHeadSSBU.png Greninja 0.087
74-75 JigglypuffHeadSSBU.png Jigglypuff 0.087
76 ToonLinkHeadSSBU.png Toon Link 0.086
77-80 BowserJrHeadSSBU.png Bowser Jr. 0.085
77-80 KingDededeHeadSSBU.png King Dedede 0.085
77-80 RichterHeadSSBU.png Richter 0.085
77-80 SimonHeadSSBU.png Simon 0.085
81-82 DarkSamusHeadSSBU.png Dark Samus 0.082
81-82 SamusHeadSSBU.png Samus 0.082
83-84 RidleyHeadSSBU.png Ridley 0.08
83-84 PyraHeadSSBU.png Pyra 0.08
85 IceClimbersHeadSSBU.png Ice Climbers 0.077
86-87 Banjo&KazooieHeadSSBU.png Banjo & Kazooie 0.076
86-87 MiiGunnerHeadSSBU.png Mii Gunner 0.076