Traction

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Super Smash Bros. series
"Friction" redirects here. For aerial friction, see here.
Because Luigi has a very small amount of traction, he slides very noticeably after finishing a dash.

Traction is a measure of how long it takes for a character to stop moving from a sideways force when grounded. Characters with low traction slide farther than others after walking, dashing, wavedashing, being hit by an attack while grounded, and so on.

Having high traction affords greater ground control over a character, so high traction is generally an advantage. Characters with low traction generally require more precise movement across the ground and cannot punish attacks as effectively out of shield since they will get pushed further away from the opponent. However, there are cases where low traction is useful: low traction is necessary for a long wavedash in Super Smash Bros. Melee and a long dash pivot cancel in Brawl, and there are cases where sliding away from a shielded attack can help escape later hits of it. Luigi is well-known for having the least traction of any character in all games except Super Smash Bros. Ultimate; this originates from his low traction in most of the Mario platformers, which balances out his higher jumping.

Traction is significantly lessened by slippery terrain such as ice; all characters have decreased traction on slippery surfaces except the Ice Climbers, who are unaffected.

Traction rankings[edit]

Super Smash Bros.[edit]

Rank Character Value
1-5 LinkHeadSSB.png Link 2
1-5 SamusHeadSSB.png Samus 2
1-5 FoxHeadSSB.png Fox 2
1-5 PikachuHeadSSB.png Pikachu 2
1-5 NessHeadSSB.png Ness 2
6 CaptainFalconHeadSSB.png Captain Falcon 1.8
7 DonkeyKongHeadSSB.png Donkey Kong 1.7
8 YoshiHeadSSB.png Yoshi 1.6
9 MarioHeadSSB.png Mario 1.5
10 KirbyHeadSSB.png Kirby 1.4
11 JigglypuffHeadSSB.png Jigglypuff 1.1
12 LuigiHeadSSB.png Luigi 0.7

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

Rank Character Value
1-4 PeachHeadSSBM.png Peach 0.1
1-4 LinkHeadSSBM.png Link 0.1
1-4 ZeldaHeadSSBM.png Zelda 0.1
1-4 PichuHeadSSBM.png Pichu 0.1
5-6 PikachuHeadSSBM.png Pikachu 0.09
5-6 JigglypuffHeadSSBM.png Jigglypuff 0.09
7-13 DonkeyKongHeadSSBM.png Donkey Kong 0.08
7-13 YoungLinkHeadSSBM.png Young Link 0.08
7-13 SheikHeadSSBM.png Sheik 0.08
7-13 KirbyHeadSSBM.png Kirby 0.08
7-13 FoxHeadSSBM.png Fox 0.08
7-13 FalcoHeadSSBM.png Falco 0.08
7-13 CaptainFalconHeadSSBM.png Captain Falcon 0.08
14 GanondorfHeadSSBM.png Ganondorf 0.07
15-23 MarioHeadSSBM.png Mario 0.06
15-23 DrMarioHeadSSBM.png Dr. Mario 0.06
15-23 BowserHeadSSBM.png Bowser 0.06
15-23 YoshiHeadSSBM.png Yoshi 0.06
15-23 SamusHeadSSBM.png Samus 0.06
15-23 NessHeadSSBM.png Ness 0.06
15-23 MarthHeadSSBM.png Marth 0.06
15-23 RoyHeadSSBM.png Roy 0.06
15-23 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBM.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
24 MewtwoHeadSSBM.png Mewtwo 0.04
25 IceClimbersHeadSSBM.png Ice Climbers 0.035
26 LuigiHeadSSBM.png Luigi 0.025

Super Smash Bros. Brawl[edit]

Rank Character Value
1 LucarioHeadSSBB.png Lucario 0.0736
2 JigglypuffHeadSSBB.png Jigglypuff 0.0718
3-6 WarioHeadSSBB.png Wario 0.07
3-6 ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSBB.png Zero Suit Samus 0.07
3-6 WolfHeadSSBB.png Wolf 0.07
3-6 SonicHeadSSBB.png Sonic 0.07
7-8 PeachHeadSSBB.png Peach 0.068
7-8 GanondorfHeadSSBB.png Ganondorf 0.068
9 FalcoHeadSSBB.png Falco 0.065
10 LinkHeadSSBB.png Link 0.064
11-16 MarioHeadSSBB.png Mario 0.06
11-16 SheikHeadSSBB.png Sheik 0.06
11-16 FoxHeadSSBB.png Fox 0.06
11-16 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBB.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
11-16 OlimarHeadSSBB.png Olimar 0.06
11-16 ROBHeadSSBB.png R.O.B. 0.06
17 PikachuHeadSSBB.png Pikachu 0.0596
18 SamusHeadSSBB.png Samus 0.0585
19 BowserHeadSSBB.png Bowser 0.0577
20-22 MetaKnightHeadSSBB.png Meta Knight 0.055
20-22 CharizardHeadSSBB.png Charizard 0.055
20-22 MarthHeadSSBB.png Marth 0.055
23 ToonLinkHeadSSBB.png Toon Link 0.0547
24 NessHeadSSBB.png Ness 0.0546
25 SnakeHeadSSBB.png Snake 0.0542
26 ZeldaHeadSSBB.png Zelda 0.054
27 IvysaurHeadSSBB.png Ivysaur 0.0532
28 DonkeyKongHeadSSBB.png Donkey Kong 0.0529
29 PitHeadSSBB.png Pit 0.0505
30 CaptainFalconHeadSSBB.png Captain Falcon 0.05
31 KirbyHeadSSBB.png Kirby 0.0493
32-33 DiddyKongHeadSSBB.png Diddy Kong 0.0484
32-33 KingDededeHeadSSBB.png King Dedede 0.0484
34 LucasHeadSSBB.png Lucas 0.045
35 IkeHeadSSBB.png Ike 0.044
36 YoshiHeadSSBB.png Yoshi 0.0426
37 SquirtleHeadSSBB.png Squirtle 0.042
38 IceClimbersHeadSSBB.png Ice Climbers 0.035
39 LuigiHeadSSBB.png Luigi 0.022

Super Smash Bros. 4[edit]

Rank Character Value
1 LucarioHeadSSB4-U.png Lucario 0.0736
n/a Mega Lucario 0.0736
2 JigglypuffHeadSSB4-U.png Jigglypuff 0.0718
3-5 WarioHeadSSB4-U.png Wario 0.07
3-5 ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSB4-U.png Zero Suit Samus 0.07
3-5 LittleMacHeadSSB4-U.png Little Mac 0.07
n/a Giga Mac 0.07
6-9 PeachHeadSSB4-U.png Peach 0.068
6-9 Rosalina&LumaHeadSSB4-U.png Rosalina 0.068
6-9 GanondorfHeadSSB4-U.png Ganondorf 0.068
6-9 PalutenaHeadSSB4-U.png Palutena 0.068
n/a Giga Bowser 0.067
10-11 FalcoHeadSSB4-U.png Falco 0.065
10-11 CorrinHeadSSB4-U.png Corrin 0.065
12-13 LinkHeadSSB4-U.png Link 0.064
12-13 MiiSwordfighterHeadSSB4-U.png Mii Swordfighter 0.064
14-24 SheikHeadSSB4-U.png Sheik 0.06
14-24 FoxHeadSSB4-U.png Fox 0.06
14-24 RoyHeadSSB4-U.png Roy 0.06
14-24 MrGame&WatchHeadSSB4-U.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.06
14-24 OlimarHeadSSB4-U.png Olimar 0.06
14-24 ROBHeadSSB4-U.png R.O.B. 0.06
14-24 VillagerHeadSSB4-U.png Villager 0.06
14-24 WiiFitTrainerHeadSSB4-U.png Wii Fit Trainer 0.06
14-24 SonicHeadSSB4-U.png Sonic 0.06
14-24 MegaManHeadSSB4-U.png Mega Man 0.06
14-24 RyuHeadSSB4-U.png Ryu 0.06
n/a Wario-Man 0.06
25 PikachuHeadSSB4-U.png Pikachu 0.0596
26 SamusHeadSSB4-U.png Samus 0.0585
27 BowserHeadSSB4-U.png Bowser 0.0577
28-33 MetaKnightHeadSSB4-U.png Meta Knight 0.055
28-33 MarthHeadSSB4-U.png Marth 0.055
28-33 LucinaHeadSSB4-U.png Lucina 0.055
28-33 RobinHeadSSB4-U.png Robin 0.055
28-33 CloudHeadSSB4-U.png Cloud 0.055
28-33 BayonettaHeadSSB4-U.png Bayonetta 0.055
34 ToonLinkHeadSSB4-U.png Toon Link 0.0547
35 NessHeadSSB4-U.png Ness 0.0546
36 ZeldaHeadSSB4-U.png Zelda 0.054
37 DonkeyKongHeadSSB4-U.png Donkey Kong 0.0529
38-39 PitHeadSSB4-U.png Pit 0.0505
38-39 DarkPitHeadSSB4-U.png Dark Pit 0.0505
40 CaptainFalconHeadSSB4-U.png Captain Falcon 0.05
41 KirbyHeadSSB4-U.png Kirby 0.0493
42-43 DiddyKongHeadSSB4-U.png Diddy Kong 0.0484
42-43 KingDededeHeadSSB4-U.png King Dedede 0.0484
44-52 MarioHeadSSB4-U.png Mario 0.045
44-52 DrMarioHeadSSB4-U.png Dr. Mario 0.045
44-52 BowserJrHeadSSB4-U.png Bowser Jr. 0.045
44-52 GreninjaHeadSSB4-U.png Greninja 0.045
44-52 LucasHeadSSB4-U.png Lucas 0.045
44-52 DuckHuntHeadSSB4-U.png Duck Hunt 0.045
44-52 Pac-ManHeadSSB4-U.png Pac-Man 0.045
44-52 MiiBrawlerHeadSSB4-U.png Mii Brawler 0.045
44-52 MiiGunnerHeadSSB4-U.png Mii Gunner 0.045
53-54 IkeHeadSSB4-U.png Ike 0.044
53-54 ShulkHeadSSB4-U.png Shulk 0.044
55 YoshiHeadSSB4-U.png Yoshi 0.0426
56-57 MewtwoHeadSSB4-U.png Mewtwo 0.04
56-57 CharizardHeadSSB4-U.png Charizard 0.04
58 LuigiHeadSSB4-U.png Luigi 0.024

Super Smash Bros. Ultimate[edit]

In Ultimate, traction has been significantly increased across the cast, with even the lowest traction values being higher than the highest traction values in Smash 4. This allows for every character to slow down faster on the ground after moving horizontally, and most notably benefits characters with low traction (such as Luigi and Charizard), as shielded attacks now push them back a much shorter distance, and it is therefore easier for them to punish out of shield. Unlike previous games, Luigi no longer has the most slippery shoes of the cast, nor is he even in the bottom tenth; the character with the least traction is now the Mii Gunner.

Rank Character Value
1 SonicHeadSSBU.png Sonic 0.138
2-3 DarkPitHeadSSBU.png Dark Pit 0.135
2-3 PitHeadSSBU.png Pit 0.135
4 PikachuHeadSSBU.png Pikachu 0.132
5-8 IsabelleHeadSSBU.png Isabelle 0.131
5-8 MrGame&WatchHeadSSBU.png Mr. Game & Watch 0.131
5-8 NessHeadSSBU.png Ness 0.131
5-8 VillagerHeadSSBU.png Villager 0.131
9 CorrinHeadSSBU.png Corrin 0.129
10 WiiFitTrainerHeadSSBU.png Wii Fit Trainer 0.128
11 FalcoHeadSSBU.png Falco 0.127
12 GanondorfHeadSSBU.png Ganondorf 0.125
13 DonkeyKongHeadSSBU.png Donkey Kong 0.123
14 IvysaurHeadSSBU.png Ivysaur 0.121
15 MiiBrawlerHeadSSBU.png Mii Brawler 0.12
16-24 KirbyHeadSSBU.png Kirby 0.116
16-24 LittleMacHeadSSBU.png Little Mac 0.116
16-24 LucarioHeadSSBU.png Lucario 0.116
16-24 LucasHeadSSBU.png Lucas 0.116
16-24 MewtwoHeadSSBU.png Mewtwo 0.116
16-24 Pac-ManHeadSSBU.png Pac-Man 0.116
16-24 SnakeHeadSSBU.png Snake 0.116
16-24 ZeldaHeadSSBU.png Zelda 0.116
16-24 ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSBU.png Zero Suit Samus 0.116
25 FoxHeadSSBU.png Fox 0.115
26-28 IncineroarHeadSSBU.png Incineroar 0.114
26-28 LucinaHeadSSBU.png Lucina 0.114
26-28 MarthHeadSSBU.png Marth 0.114
29 LinkHeadSSBU.png Link 0.113
30 IkeHeadSSBU.png Ike 0.112
31-32 DaisyHeadSSBU.png Daisy 0.111
31-32 PeachHeadSSBU.png Peach 0.111
33-39 BayonettaHeadSSBU.png Bayonetta 0.11
33-39 CharizardHeadSSBU.png Charizard 0.11
33-39 KenHeadSSBU.png Ken 0.11
33-39 MiiSwordfighterHeadSSBU.png Mii Swordfighter 0.11
33-39 PichuHeadSSBU.png Pichu 0.11
33-39 RyuHeadSSBU.png Ryu 0.11
33-39 WolfHeadSSBU.png Wolf 0.11
40-41 ChromHeadSSBU.png Chrom 0.107
40-41 RoyHeadSSBU.png Roy 0.107
42-46 CloudHeadSSBU.png Cloud 0.106
42-46 DrMarioHeadSSBU.png Dr. Mario 0.106
42-46 PalutenaHeadSSBU.png Palutena 0.106
42-46 SheikHeadSSBU.png Sheik 0.106
42-46 WarioHeadSSBU.png Wario 0.106
47-51 CaptainFalconHeadSSBU.png Captain Falcon 0.105
47-51 KingKRoolHeadSSBU.png King K. Rool 0.105
47-51 ROBHeadSSBU.png R.O.B. 0.105
47-51 RobinHeadSSBU.png Robin 0.105
47-51 YoungLinkHeadSSBU.png Young Link 0.105
52 BowserHeadSSBU.png Bowser 0.104
53-54 InklingHeadSSBU.png Inkling 0.102
53-54 MarioHeadSSBU.png Mario 0.102
55 RosalinaHeadSSBU.png Rosalina 0.099
56 MetaKnightHeadSSBU.png Meta Knight 0.097
57 LuigiHeadSSBU.png Luigi 0.096
58 YoshiHeadSSBU.png Yoshi 0.095
59-60 MegaManHeadSSBU.png Mega Man 0.094
59-60 ShulkHeadSSBU.png Shulk 0.094
61-62 DiddyKongHeadSSBU.png Diddy Kong 0.093
61-62 OlimarHeadSSBU.png Olimar 0.093
63 DuckHuntHeadSSBU.png Duck Hunt 0.09
64 SquirtleHeadSSBU.png Squirtle 0.088
65-66 GreninjaHeadSSBU.png Greninja 0.087
65-66 JigglypuffHeadSSBU.png Jigglypuff 0.087
67 ToonLinkHeadSSBU.png Toon Link 0.086
68-71 BowserJrHeadSSBU.png Bowser Jr. 0.085
68-71 KingDededeHeadSSBU.png King Dedede 0.085
68-71 RichterHeadSSBU.png Richter 0.085
68-71 SimonHeadSSBU.png Simon 0.085
72-73 DarkSamusHeadSSBU.png Dark Samus 0.082
72-73 SamusHeadSSBU.png Samus 0.082
74 RidleyHeadSSBU.png Ridley 0.08
75 IceClimbersHeadSSBU.png Ice Climbers 0.077
76 MiiGunnerHeadSSBU.png Mii Gunner 0.076
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