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Stage Builder

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Super Smash Bros.
Stage Builder
Stage Builder Brawl.png

Stage Builder as it appears in Smash.
The symbol used for custom stages in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, traced from a screenshot.
Universe Super Smash Bros.
Appears in Brawl
SSB4 (Wii U)
Availability Starter (Brawl and SSB4)
Downloadable (Ultimate)
Crate type Varies
Maximum players 4 (Brawl, Wii U)
4-8 (Ultimate)
Bolded tracks must be unlocked
Brawl See Music (SSBB)
for Wii U See Music (SSB4-Wii U)
Ultimate See Music (SSBU)

The Stage Builder (ステージ作り, Stage Maker) is a feature in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate that allows players to create their own custom stages by using the given stage parts, and in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate's case, drawing on the GamePad and the Nintendo Switch, respectively. Players can also choose from a variety of backgrounds and pick any song on the games' soundtracks.

In Super Smash Bros. Brawl[edit]

An example of a stage created with the Stage Builder in Brawl.

Builders must choose to create a small, medium, or large stage, which will affect the number of parts that can be placed and the location of blast lines. Next, the builder selects a theme: a mountain, a building in ruins, or a futuristic chamber. Each theme has its own set of special stage elements which allow for slight variations in stage design depending on what theme is used. The final step before building is picking music, which can be any track that has been unlocked. Only one track may be chosen per stage, though the player may change it to a different track after the stage has been built. Users must place a minimum of four horizontal areas (for spawning points) for the game to allow their stage to be saved.

There are different structures and building materials the player can use depending on the background chosen earlier. There are three different sizes for most of the structures, with the one exception being the ladder. The player can use a limited number of parts per stage (unless they remove the limit by hacking). Each piece used will use up a certain amount of memory for the map, and some pieces take up more memory than others. Once ready, the player can test the stage through the editor; however, the player is limited to using Mario with the default controls for the controller being used. One can also switch back to the editing screen to make more changes. Custom stages are compatible with SD cards. The limit to the number of custom stages a player can have depends on how much room one has in their internal Wii memory or SD card. The player can also send stages to their friends.

Types of parts the player can use in this mode come in three categories:

  • Standard pieces include objects such as like blocks, platforms, ramps, and stairs.
  • Structures include trees, mushrooms, crates, and rock arches.
  • Features include Drop Blocks, springs, ladders, and conveyor belts

Custom stages could be uploaded to a Brawl server, with players also receiving a random stage uploaded by a different player via the Smash Service.

The game comes with three sample stages to demonstrate how the Stage Builder works.

Stage Parts[edit]

There are three categories of parts: floors, structures, and features. The following table gives the name (unofficial), size, and description of each part.

Type Piece Name Sizes Description
Brawl-MountainPlatform.png Brawl-RuinsPlatform.png Brawl-ChamberPlatform.png Platform 1x1; 2x1; 3x1 A drop-through platform.
Brawl-MountainDiagonalPlatform.png Brawl-RuinsDiagonalPlatform.png Brawl-ChamberDiagonalPlatform.png Diagonal Platform 1x2; 2x2; 3x2 A slanted drop-through platform.
Brawl-MountainShortPlatform.png Brawl-RuinsShortPlatform.png Brawl-ChamberShortPlatform.png Short Platform 1x1; 2x1; 3x1 A half-sized drop-through platform. When placed in a line, small gaps are set in between each of these.
Brawl-MountainBlock.png Brawl-RuinsBlock.png Brawl-ChamberBlock.png Block 1x1; 2x2; 3x3 A normal block that has a ledge.
Brawl-MountainStairBlock.png Brawl-RuinsStairBlock.png Brawl-ChamberStairPlatform.png Stair Block 1x2; 2x2; 3x2 A simple stair block.
Brawl-MountainRampBlock.png Brawl-RuinsRampBlock.png Brawl-ChamberRampBlock.png Ramp Block 1x2; 2x3; 3x4 A right-angle triangle-shaped block.
Brawl-MountainLongRampBlock.png Brawl-RuinsLongRampBlock.png Brawl-ChamberLongRampBlock.png Long Ramp Block 2x2; 3x2; 4x2 A larger version of the ramp block.


Brawl-MountainStruct1.png Stone Table 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 A short stone platform.
Brawl-MountainStruct2.png Stump 3x2; 4x3; 5x4 A short, narrow tree stump.
Brawl-MountainStruct3.png Hollow Tree 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A hollow tree stump with a ceiling.
Brawl-MountainStruct4.png Dead Tree 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A dead tree with 2 walkable, drop-through branches.
Brawl-MountainStruct5.png Mushrooms 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A patch of 3 drop-through mushrooms of different heights. The stems act as walls.
Brawl-MountainStruct6.png Stones 4x2; 5x3; 6x4 A structure of 2 stones, one larger than the other.
Brawl-MountainStruct7.png Withered Cave 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A cave with a ceiling.
Brawl-MountainStruct8.png Baboon Statue 3x3; 4x4; 5x5 A tall statue of what appears to be a baboon.


Brawl-RuinsStruct1.png Pillar 3x3; 4x4; 5x5 A tall, intact pillar.
Brawl-RuinsStruct2.png Rubble Heap 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 A big heap of rocks.
Brawl-RuinsStruct3.png Broken Lift 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 An old lift with a ceiling.
Brawl-RuinsStruct4.png Ancient Ramp 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 An old elevated ramp.
Brawl-RuinsStruct5.png Ramp-Pillar 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 A ramp hitting the ground right at the base of a pillar.
Brawl-RuinsStruct6.png Stacked Pillars 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A set of 3 pillars, one resting on top of the flat surface that the other 2 make.
Brawl-RuinsStruct7.png Ancient Crate 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 An old crate resting on the side of a floor.
Brawl-RuinsStruct8.png Old Room 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A piece of an old room, complete with structure supports and a drop-through ceiling.


Brawl-ChamberStruct1.png Machine 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 A machine with a slight slant on one side.
Brawl-ChamberStruct2.png Tunnel 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A tunnel with a ceiling.
Brawl-ChamberStruct3.png Watch Platform 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 An elevated platform with a ramp leading to it.
Brawl-ChamberStruct4.png Round Platform 3x2; 4x3; 5x4 A thick platform in the shape of a circle.
Brawl-ChamberStruct5.png Machine Crate 4x2; 5x2; 6x3 A platform with 2 elevated walls on either side.
Brawl-ChamberStruct6.png I-Frame 4x3; 5x4; 6x5 A tall frame in the shape of an I. The top is drop-through.
Brawl-ChamberStruct7.png Server Tower 3x3; 4x4; 4x5 A tall, thin machine tower.
Brawl-ChamberStruct8.png Machine Roof 4x2; 5x3; 6x3 A roof-like machine piece.
Brawl-HorizPlatform.gif Horizontal Moving Platform 3x1; 4x1; 5x1 Drop-through platform that moves slowly left and right.
Brawl-VertPlatform.gif Vertical Moving Platform 1x5; 2x6; 3x7 Drop-through platform that moves slowly up and down.
Brawl-IceBlock.png Ice Block 1x1; 2x1; 3x1 Slippery block with no ledges.
Brawl-DropBlock.png Drop Block 1x3; 2x4; 3x5 Block with no ledges that moves downwards when stood on for a certain period of time.
Brawl-Spikes.png Spikes 1x2; 2x2; 3x2 Causes 15% damage with set knockback when a character lands on it.
Brawl-Ladder.png Ladder 1x1 A climbable ladder with only one size.
Brawl-SpringOrange.png Brawl-SpringGreen.png Spring 1x2; 2x2; 3x2 A spring that bounces characters upwards. Rotating turns the spring green, but the difference is only aesthetic. Wider springs grant more height.
Brawl-ConveyorBelt.png Conveyor belt 2x2; 3x2; 4x2 Moving conveyor belt that moves all things in one direction.
Brawl-RotatingPlatform.png Rotating Platform 4x5; 5x6; 6x7 Spins four platforms in a Ferris Wheel motion.


Unlockable Parts[edit]

There are also certain parts and features that can be unlocked to use in the Stage Builder.

  • Edit Parts A: Play 10 times or more on created stages.
    • Unlocks a new piece for every setting, as well as the spring.
  • Edit Parts B: Create 5 or more stages in Stage Builder (not including the 3 sample stages).
    • Unlocks a new piece for every setting, as well as the conveyor belt.
  • Edit Parts C: Create 15 or more stages in Stage Builder (not including the 3 sample stages).
    • Unlocks a new piece for every setting, as well as the rotating platform.

Use in modding[edit]

Because of how Stage Builder loads custom data, a common method to hacking the Wii console involves exploiting this loading mechanism. Referred to as the Smash Stack, forcing Stage Builder to load a file that is too large can allow for a user to load custom data; this method of hacking is common in order to add the Homebrew Channel to the Wii, and it is also one of the main methods of loading gameplay mods.

In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U[edit]

In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, the Stage Builder was changed immensely. Players now have much more freedom when creating stages, with the ability to draw platforms of any shape using the Wii U's GamePad. An option is given to either make the platform grabbable by players or not. However, there are much less stage parts than Brawl, being limited to cannons, springs, moving platforms and magma. Jump-through platforms can be made by making a line, and tapping it. All objects' and platforms' locations snap to an invisible fine grid. A visible grid can be displayed by pressing the X button for easier alignment when placing or drawing. The visible grid has a "resolution" measured in units, while the invisible grid allows accuracy to one-fifth of a unit. The grid also shows where in-game boundaries will be, with a green border showing where the camera boundaries are, and a red border for the blast lines. Walk-off stages can be created because of their placement.

Custom Stages are not available in 8-Player Smash. All Custom Stages have Star KOs and Screen KOs, regardless of layout.

When testing a stage, pausing and pressing ZL or ZR on the GamePad will allow players to select their character, an opponent character (including a second player), and customized controls and names, with the exception of Mii Fighters.

The ability to download and share stages online became available with update 1.0.6, but can no longer be used after the shutdown of Miiverse.

Five new backgrounds share two textures that can be given to drawn platforms, whilst they have three unique textures of their own.

A cloudy sky, similar to the backgrounds of Battlefield and Temple. Floating pillars appear in the background. A rocky mountain area. A volcano is in the background and its lava flows all over the rock. A view of an ocean. Rocky structures appear in the water. An area in outer space. A giant space craft appears in the background. A modern city-like structure made of rounded shapes. The Super Smash Bros. logo acts as the sun.
Crate Type: Normal Crate Type: Normal Crate Type: Normal Crate Type: Futuristic Crate Type: Presents

There are four types of special features that can be inserted.

Image Name Information
Spring (small) Works just like the spring in the predecessor. Bounces players 17 units from spring's base. 2.2 units wide, 2.2 units tall.
Spring (large) A larger spring that bounces players higher. Bounces players 32 units from spring's base. 5 units wide, 3.2 units tall.
Cannon (weak) Similar to Barrel Cannons. When facing upward, launches players 25 units from bottom of cannon. Can be aimed in any direction. Launched players deal 4% upon contact. 5 units tall, 5 units wide, but may freely overlap platforms. A guide ring 7.6 units in diameter aids in placement and aiming.
Cannon (strong) A larger cannon that shoots players further. When facing upward, launches players 43 units from bottom of cannon. Launched players deal 8% upon contact. 3.8 units tall, 3.8 units wide, but may freely overlap platforms. A guide ring 7.6 units in diameter aids in placement and aiming.
Moving Platform (small) Slowly moves from one point to the other, with an unlimited path. 6 units wide. Moves 3 units/second. May overlap any object or platform, but endpoint must be at least 2 units away from start.
Moving Platform (large) Over three times longer than the small one. 20 units wide. Moves 2.25 units/second (will move 9 units in 4 seconds). May overlap any object or platform, but endpoint must be at least 2 units away from start.
Magma (thin) Painted over platforms, and damages 10% to players. Oddly, it can cause more weight depending on how much was drawn, no matter how much is used in the final result. Unlike Danger Zones, it does not instantly KO a fighter if they have over 100% Damage. 1.2 units thick.
Magma (thick) Works just like the thin one, but 2 units thick.
Shared Textures
Cloudy Textures
Volcanic Textures
Ocean Textures
Space Textures
City Textures

In Super Smash Bros. Ultimate[edit]

While Stage Builder was absent during the initial release of Ultimate, on April 9th, 2019 an advertisement released by Nintendo discreetly revealed the Stage Builder icon on the menu, confirming that a stage builder mode was in development at the time of the advertisement's release.[1] A promotional video on April 16th confirmed the inclusion of Stage Builder in the version 3.0.0 update scheduled to release the following day.

The stage builder was greatly revamped since the Super Smash Bros. for Wii U iteration. Besides the player-accessible layer, terrain can be placed in three additional decorative layers. Various materials are accessible to be used. For the first time, it is possible to have platforms extend beyond the blast lines, which can be accomplished by the use of rails, allowing for walk off stages. Platforms can be drawn freehandedly, or using rectangle or oval tools. Their material can be changed at the player's leisure with the Fill tool. Instead of sets of moving platforms, rails can be freely placed by the player in order to make any platform follow it. Rotation effects can also be added to platforms, and both the rotation and travelling of platforms across rails can be toggled on or off mid-battle by placing switches. Many objects can be changed with a properties menu, allowing tweaks such as adjusting rail speed or enabling terrain gravity. However, unlike in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, custom stages cannot be used in Training Mode or Custom Smash, both of which notably enable the player to modify the gameplay speed.

Unlike previous games, custom stages can support up to eight players by default, although that limit can drop back to four if the stage becomes too complex, as shown by a weight gauge at the top of the screen. Going through a 4-Player stage with five or more players in Local Wireless will instead choose one of the game's normal stages instead.

Stages created using the editor are able to be shared or downloaded on the online Shared Content page.

When testing stages, the default characters for player and CPU are two Marios. However, as in for Wii U the player may change the default fighters via the pause menu when testing, and are retained for all future uses of Stage Builder

When creating a stage, the stage size (small, medium, and large) can be chosen, as well as the background, and the music track. Neither the size nor the background can be changed later, but the music track can be changed at any time. The track can also be chosen among any of the musical tracks in the game, including ones that are normally unable to be played on any of the normal stages, such as Lifelight and Step: Subspace. The only song that can't be used is the song used for Home-Run Contest.


Unlike the Stage Builder from Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, the backgrounds available to choose from are from stages in the game itself, being:

Unlike the originals however, these backgrounds are static 2-dimensional backdrops, meaning that they do not have depth and things that normally move in their original stages do not move (clouds, water, etc), and in the Final Destination background's case, it is fixed to the "light" background. However, lightning can occasionally be seen on stages with the Find Mii background.

Hazards and tools[edit]

Image Name Description Adjustable
Cannon Player will be launched out of the cannon in the direction it faces, akin to Barrel Cannons used in Kongo Jungle and Kongo Falls. Direction
Spring Player will bounce upwards. They will do a high jump if they time their jump correctly. Unable to be rotated. Has no effect on physics terrain, unless it is attached, in which it will only forbid rotation. None
Warp Zone Player will teleport to the paired Warp Zone. Has no effect on terrain, but items and projectiles that come into contact with it will also be teleported. Warp Zones will become inactive on a cooldown when a player enters them for a few seconds; this cooldown does not apply when items and projectiles are teleported. None
Bumper Player will be launched from the bumper, similarly to to the item of the same name. Has no effect on terrain. Rotation
Ladder Player can climb ladder. Unable to be rotated, even if attached to physics terrain, causing it to stay upright. Length
Bomb Block When attacked, it will explode, hitting nearby Bomb and Explosive Blocks, similar to those in Green Greens. Rotation, respawn, grabbable edges
Explosive Block Will explode when nearby Bomb or Explosive Blocks explode. Rotation, respawn, grabbable edges
Wind area Produces wind to push a player in a certain direction. Has no effect on terrain. Its effects can be reduced or negated by equipped Spirits. Speed, direction, dimensions
Gear Rotates the attached terrain around the Gear as an axis. Direction, range, speed, smooth reverse
Rail Causes terrain to travel on a selected path. Path, speed, starting location, smooth movement, hinged terrain, return after collision, return at edge, show rail
Terrain Acts as ground, ceiling, and walls for players. Shape, material, dimensions, rotation, gravity, respawn, grabbable edges
Switch When attacked, toggles gears and rails on the attached terrain. None

Terrain material[edit]

Unlike the Stage Builders in previous installments, the textures - now called terrain materials - are universal regardless of the background. Additionally, the ice block and magma are now treated as terrain material, rather than unique elements.

Each material has various physics attributes affecting how it interacts with other objects with gravity enabled. The attributes only affect the terrain's interaction with objects, not fighters. In the following table, the physics attributes are defined as:

  • Gravity - acceleration downwards.
  • Density - mass per unit volume.
  • Friction coefficient - resistance to being moved across other terrain. Gravity also affects this, however.
  • Restitution - momentum conserved in rebounding objects; bounciness.

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Image Name Gravity Density Friction Restitution Notes
Grass 0.9 10 0.2 0.2
Dirt 0.95 30 0.5 0.2
Sand 0.87 40 0.9 0.1
Wood 1 100 0.7 0.4
Steel 1 100 0.6 0.5 The heaviest and fastest-falling material.
Marble 1 100 0.6 0.3
Rubber 1 40 1 0.1
Denim 0.93 10 0.8 0.3
Carpet 0.98 10 0.8 0.2
Paper 0.76 10 0.4 0.1 The slowest-falling material.
Yarn 0.8 10 0.4 0.1 The lightest material.
Sponge 0.87 10 0.8 0.3
Bouncy Rubber 1 30 0.8 1 The bounciest material.
Ice 1 30 0.0001 0.4 The most slippery material. It also reduces traction, causing fighters to slide.
Lava 0.87 50 1 0.1 Deals 14% damage to fighters on contact and launches them away, meteor smashing them if they hit it from below.

Most hazards also have some parameters associated with them, such as restitution and friction. Notably, while most share the same friction as either steel or wood, explosive blocks and bomb blocks appear to have 0 friction.

Each type of terrain also determines what kind of materials Steve will get when mining them.

Quirks and glitches[edit]

Ultimate's stage builder has a fairly large number of quirks, glitches and other issues, especially when compared to the stage builders in earlier games. These include:

  • While testing stages, fighters idle poses can not occur until the fighter moves from their spawn position or uses an attack.
  • While building stages, the game will sometimes prevent the player from extending or moving terrain and hazards in a way which causes no scenarios which would normally be disallowed by the game. The issue can be overcome by moving the terrain to a different position, and then moving or extending it into the desired position.
  • All flat surfaces have very small 45˚ slopes at the edges, regardless of what angle the edge is at.
  • Sometimes, Robin's Tomes and Levin Sword durabilities will not be correctly displayed on the U.I next to the fighter icon while testing custom stages. Instead, the Levin Sword durability will always show as 0 and the Tomes will always appear to have maximum durability, however the durabilities function the same way they do in Versus Mode.
  • Mii Fighters cannot be selected while testing stages.
  • Single Joy-Con controllers cannot be used when testing stages.
  • Sometimes, one or more of the fighters' damage meters will not be displayed when first loading a stage to test, although their artwork, name and series symbol will still appear as usual.
  • Ordinarily, if the "change fighters" feature is used, and a second controller is used, the second fighter can be controlled by a second player, and will be displayed as P2, with a blue battle UI as usual, while testing the stage. However, if "return to edit" is selected, and then test is selected again, the second controller will still control the second fighter as before, but they will now be displayed as a CPU, and will have a gray battle UI. The same can be done with P1 being controlled by the CPU while having a red “P1” tag.
  • Although objects bouncing straight up off bouncy rubber return to the same height on average, their actual bounce height tends to fluctuate, with some terrains deviating slightly upwards every other bounce, and others deviating slightly downwards, returning to their original height on the next bounce. Oddly, when dropped from specific heights however, some materials actually end up gaining height over time, eventually despawning off the top of the stage. This is likely due to rounding errors not being corrected for.

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name
Japan Japanese ステージ作り
UK English Stage Builder
France French (PAL) Créateur de stage
Quebec French (NTSC) Créateur de niveaux
Germany German Stage-Studio
Spain Spanish Editor de escenarios
Italy Italian Editor scenari
China Chinese (Simplified) 制作 场地
Taiwan Chinese (Traditional) 製作 場地
South Korea Korean 스테이지 만들기
Netherlands Dutch Level-studio
Russia Russian Конструктор


  • In Brawl, the game does not load the custom stages at the same time that it loads the stage select screen, and thus the game does not let the player select custom stages from the stage select screen until they are done loading.
  • The futuristic chamber background image of Super Smash Bros. Brawl is similar to the background in the Subspace Emissary's Research Facility II where players fight the two False Samuses or when Samus first encounters Ridley. Similarly, the ruins background image can be seen in the distance behind part of The Ruins.
    • Unusually, the futuristic chamber in Stage Builder uses wooden crates and barrels instead of their futuristic counterparts.
  • In Brawl, if the player tests a stage, self-destructs, return to the Stage Builder menu before Mario respawns and quickly tests it again, Mario will spawn on-stage briefly and then disappear with the camera scrolling to where he self-destructed then reappear on a revival platform.
  • There are two glitches associated with the Drop Block in Brawl: The Flop Block and the Teleport glitch.
  • Prior to version 1.1.3 of Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, a regular Final Destination-like stage without any platforms filled with magma below (in a way that the magma seemingly covers the whole stage but doesn't hurt characters walking along the main ground) will cause all CPUs to indefinitely stand on place doing absolutely nothing, even at level 9, without even defending against attacks or recovering. This also works against amiibo. [1]
  • In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U's Stage Builder, if the original Ryu Stage Type A or Ken Stage Type A songs from the Street Fighter series are selected, the music will not change regardless of the match's present situation.
  • In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U's Stage Builder, if start and select are pressed during testing (which will pause the game then go back to the Stage Builder menu if done correctly), nothing but the background music will be heard until the game is paused again.
  • In Ultimate, Wing Blitz allows Ridley to fly through thin walls drawn with the line tool. Additionally, any character can jump through a thin wall as long as they are holding down on the control stick as they hit the side of it, likely due to them retaining soft-platform properties.
  • In Ultimate, fighters with a run speed higher than 2 (Diddy Kong, everyone faster than him, and anyone with Speed Art) can gain distance running against horizontal wind at maximum speed.
    • Most special moves will not gain distance against maximum speed horizontal wind over time, but Wario Bike completely ignores wind.
  • In Ultimate, terrain with gravity enabled will ignore players in its path. They will be unable to push or redirect terrain without the assistance of switches to toggle rails or gears.
  • Due to the way meteor smashes function in Ultimate, it is possible to K.O. fighters with a meteor smash despite terrain beneath them as long as the terrain is off-screen, as powerful meteor smashes K.O. as soon as the fighter crosses the bottom of the screen rather than across the blast line.
  • In Ultimate, regardless of the music used, Joker will always use the Persona 5 victory fanfare on custom stages.
  • In Ultimate, custom stages using the music tracks MEGALOVANIA and Floral Fury cannot be downloaded from Shared Content if the DLC entailing those tracks have not been purchased. Stages using music tracks from the Fighters' Passes will change the song to Battlefield.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]