An item throw is an attack, performed when the character is holding an item, and then pressing the grab button. Depending on the Analog Stick's position, the direction and strength of the throw will be different. The player can throw an item while in midair or on the ground.
Directions and strength
The player may choose to throw the item in one of 4 directions - up, left, right, down - by holding the desired direction while pressing the grab button. If the grab button is simply pressed without a directional input while holding a droppable item, the fighter will lightly toss the item behind them on the ground, or simply drop it on the spot if in the air, making it fall straight down. This is the basis of bat dropping.
The item can be thrown with 2 different strengths: smash (grab and direction are pressed at the same time) or tilt (the direction is held before pressing grab). While on the ground, the player can even throw an item while dashing.
The damage done by thrown items is usually dependent on how fast the item is moving at the time of impact; this is the only reason smash throws are stronger than tilt ones. In SSB64, the formula is
There is a small delay animation in each character prior to throwing an item. This delay is not equal in all characters. Some characters including Link, Mario, and Diddy Kong throw their items more quickly than Marth, Pikachu, and Bowser.
List of droppable items