Super Smash Bros. (series)

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Super Smash Bros. series
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The logo of the Super Smash Bros. series

Super Smash Bros. is a series of fighting games published by Nintendo, featuring characters from franchises established on Nintendo systems. The series had a successful start in 1999 with the game Super Smash Bros. released on the Nintendo 64. It achieved even greater success with Super Smash Bros. Melee, released in 2001 for the Nintendo GameCube, becoming the best selling game on that system. The third installment, Super Smash Bros. Brawl, was released on the Wii on January 31, 2008 in Japan, and was released on March 9th, 2008 in North America. A fourth game in the series, Super Smash Bros. 4, was released for the Nintendo 3DS on September 13th, 2014 in Japan, and on October 3rd for other regions (excluding Germany, where the game was released one day earlier, and Australia, where the game was released a day later), while a Wii U version was released on November 21st, 2014 in North America, and will be released on November 28th, 2014 in Europe, the next day for Australia, and on December 6th, 2014 for Japan. Masahiro Sakurai has directed all four games despite HAL Laboratory handing the series to a new developer for Brawl.[1]

History[edit]

Super Smash Bros.[edit]

Ness fighting Kirby on the Mushroom Kingdom stage
Main article: Super Smash Bros.

Super Smash Bros. was introduced in 1999 for the Nintendo 64. It was released worldwide after selling over a million copies in Japan; it was originally supposed to be released in Japan only.[2] It featured eight characters from the start, with four unlockable characters, all of them created by Nintendo or one of its second-party developers.

In multiplayer (Versus) mode, up to four people can play, with the specific rules of each match being predetermined by the players. There are two different types that can be chosen: Time, where the person with the most KOs at the end of the set time wins; and stock, where each person has a set amount of lives, and when it is gone, the player is eliminated.

This game's one-player mode included an adventure mode that always followed the same series of opponents, although the player could change the difficulty. Other single player modes exist such as Training and several mini-games, including Break the Targets and Board the Platforms. All of these were included in the sequel, with the exception of "Board the Platforms".

In Versus mode, there are nine playable stages: eight starter stages that are based on each of the starting characters (including Peach's Castle for Mario, Congo Jungle for Donkey Kong, Hyrule Castle for Link, Planet Zebes for Samus Aran, Yoshi's Island for Yoshi, Dream Land for Kirby, Sector Z for Fox McCloud, and Saffron City for Pikachu), and the unlockable Mushroom Kingdom.

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

Bowser attacks Ness, Kirby and Yoshi in Super Sudden Death mode on the Great Fox in Corneria.

Super Smash Bros. Melee was released November 21, 2001 in Japan; December 3, 2001 in North America; May 24, 2002 in Europe; and May 31, 2002 in Australia for the Nintendo GameCube console. It had a larger budget and development team than Super Smash Bros. did[3] and was released to much greater praise and acclaim among critics and consumers. Since its release, Super Smash Bros. Melee has sold more than 7 million copies and was the best-selling game on the GameCube.[4]

Super Smash Bros. Melee features 26 characters, of which 15 are available initially, more than doubling the number of characters in its predecessor. There are also 29 stages. It introduced two new single-player modes alongside the Classic mode: Adventure mode and All-Star mode. Adventure mode has platforming segments similar to the original's "Race to the Finish" mini-game, and All-Star is a fight against every playable character in the game, allows the player only one life in which damage is accumulated over each battle, and the character is allowed to use only three items which heal all taken damage in between battles. There are also significantly more multiplayer modes and a tournament mode allowing for 64 different competitors whom can all be controlled by a human player, although only up to four players can participate at the same time. Additionally, the game featured alternative battle modes, called "Special Melee," which involve some sort of alteration to the battle (ex: all characters are giant by default, players may only use their jump and standard attack buttons, etc.), along with alternative ways to judge a victory, such as through collecting coins throughout the match.

In place of Super Smash Bros.' character profiles, Melee introduced trophies (called "figures" in the Japanese version). The 293 trophies include three different profiles for each playable character, one unlocked in each single-player mode. In addition, unlike its predecessor, Melee contains profiles for many Nintendo characters who are either non-playable or do not appear in the game, as well as Nintendo items, stages, enemies, and elements.

Super Smash Bros. Brawl[edit]

Mario, Yoshi, Ike and Wario preparing to fight on the Battlefield stage

Although a third Super Smash Bros. game had been announced long before E3 2006, Nintendo unveiled its first information in the form of a trailer on May 10, 2006, and the game was named Super Smash Bros. Brawl. The trailer featured Solid Snake, of Konami's Metal Gear fame, marking the first time that a third-party character had been introduced as a playable character in a Super Smash Bros. title. A second third-party character, Sonic the Hedgehog, from Nintendo's former rival Sega was also confirmed as a playable character on October 10, 2007. Brawl is also the first game in the franchise to support online play via the Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection.[5]

Brawl also features compatibility with four kinds of controllers (the Wii Remote on its side, the Wii Remote and Nunchuk combination, the Classic Controller, and the GameCube controller),[6] while its predecessors only used the one controller designed for that system. The player also has the ability to change the configuration of controls and the controller type.[7]

Super Smash Bros. 4[edit]

Main article: Super Smash Bros. 4
Little Mac, Bowser, and Mega Man fighting in the Wii U version of the game

At E3 2011, it was announced that there will be a fourth entry in the Super Smash Bros. franchise. The game is available on the Nintendo 3DS and will be available on the Wii U. Development began in late February 2012, and the 3DS version of this game was released on September 13, 2014 in Japan, and was released on October 3, 2014 internationally, while the Wii U version was released on November 21, 2014 in North America, and will be released on December 5, 2014 in Europe, and a day later in Japan and Australia.

Future[edit]

In April 2014, Bandai Namco Games supposedly posted a recruitment advertisement on a Japanese career job opportunity website. The recruitment page consisted of a listing for programmers for Super Smash Bros. 6, which is expected to be released in 2015 for both the Wii U and Nintendo 3DS. The page noted there were 120 game developers working on the project at the time, and that the Bandai Namco expected that number to increase to 200. However, shortly after its publication, the page was taken down. It is considered fake by several fans, due to there not having been even a fifth game yet and that production on SSB4 hadn't been finished as of September 2014, according to Sakurai, as well as the fact that most Smash Bros. games are released several years apart and for different consoles. However, as Sakurai once stated that he considered Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS the fourth game and Super Smash Bros. for Wii U the fifth, due to large differences, it is possible that this is what Namco referred to with Super Smash Bros. 6.

In October 2014, a fan asked Sakurai if he was done with developing Super Smash Bros. games, to which he replied "I'm not done yet...".

Gameplay[edit]

The Super Smash Bros. series is a dramatic departure from many fighting games. Instead of winning by depleting an opponent's life bar, Smash Bros players seek to knock opposing characters off the stage. In Super Smash Bros., characters have a damage total, represented by a percentage value, which rises as they take damage and can exceed 100%. As a character's percentage rises, he can be knocked progressively farther by an opponent's attacks. To KO an opponent, the player must send that character flying off the edge of the stage, which is not an enclosed arena but rather an area with open boundaries, usually a set of suspended platforms. When a character is knocked off the stage, he may use jumping moves to (attempt to) return; as some characters' jumps are longer-ranged, they may have an easier time "recovering" than others. Additionally, some characters are heavier than others, making it harder for an opponent to knock them off the edge but likewise harder to recover.

Smash Bros.'s play controls are greatly simplified in comparison to other fighting games. While traditional fighting games such as Street Fighter or Soul Calibur require the player to memorize button-input combinations (sometimes lengthy and complicated, and often specific to a character), Smash Bros uses the same one-attack-button, one-control-stick-direction combinations to access all moves for all characters. Characters are not limited to constantly facing their opponent, but may run around freely. Smash Bros. also implements blocking and dodging mechanics, which can be used both on the ground and in the air. Grabbing and throwing other characters are also possible, allowing for a large variety of ways to attack.

One additional major element in the Super Smash Bros. series is the inclusion of battle items, of which players can control the frequency of appearance. There are conventional "battering items" with which a player may hit an opponent, such as a baseball bat or a sword, as well as throwing items, including Bob-ombs and shells, and shooting items, either single shot guns or rapid fire blasters. Recovery items allow the user to lose varying amounts of their damage percent. From the Pokémon franchise come Poké Balls that release a random Pokémon onto the battlefield to assist the user; Brawl introduces a new "Assist Trophy" item which serves a similar purpose, albeit being capable of summoning a wider range of characters from a variety of franchises. Brawl also introduces items called Smash Balls, which allow fighters to perform powerful character-specific attacks, known as Final Smashes.

Characters[edit]

Sometimes colloquially referred to as "The Original Twelve", the above characters appeared in Super Smash Bros. for the Nintendo 64, and all went on to appear in future installments of the series.

Playable characters[edit]

Character Universe SSB Melee Brawl SSB4
Mario MarioHeadSSB4-3.png Mario MarioSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Luigi LuigiHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable Starter
Peach PeachHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter Starter
Bowser BowserHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter Starter
Dr. Mario DrMarioHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Unlockable
Rosalina Rosalina&LumaHeadSSB4-3.png Starter
Bowser Jr. BowserJrHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable (3DS)/Starter (Wii U)
Yoshi YoshiHeadSSB4-3.png Yoshi YoshiSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Wario WarioHeadSSB4-3.png Wario WarioSymbol.png Starter Unlockable
Donkey Kong DonkeyKongHeadSSB4-3.png Donkey Kong DKSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Diddy Kong DiddyKongHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter
Link LinkHeadSSB4-3.png The Legend of Zelda ZeldaSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Zelda ZeldaHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter Starter
Sheik SheikHeadSSB4-3.png Transformation Transformation Starter
Ganondorf GanondorfHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable (3DS)/Starter (Wii U)
Young Link YoungLinkHeadSSBM.png Unlockable
Toon Link ToonLinkHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Starter
Samus SamusHeadSSB4-3.png Metroid MetroidSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Zero Suit Samus ZeroSuitSamusHeadSSB4-3.png Transformation Starter
Kirby KirbyHeadSSB4-3.png Kirby KirbySymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Meta Knight MetaKnightHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter
King Dedede KingDededeHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter
Fox FoxHeadSSB4-3.png Star Fox StarFoxSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Falco FalcoHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable
Wolf WolfHeadSSBB.png Unlockable
Pikachu PikachuHeadSSB4-3.png Pokémon PokemonSymbol.png Starter Starter Starter Starter
Jigglypuff JigglypuffHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable (3DS)/Starter (Wii U)
Pichu PichuHeadSSBM.png Unlockable
Mewtwo MewtwoHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Downloadable
Pokémon Trainer PokémonTrainerHeadSSBB.png Starter
Squirtle / Ivysaur / Charizard
Squirtle SquirtleHeadSSBB.png Transformation
Ivysaur IvysaurHeadSSBB.png Transformation
Charizard CharizardHeadSSB4-3.png Transformation Starter
Lucario LucarioHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable Starter
Greninja GreninjaHeadSSB4-3.png Starter
Captain Falcon CaptainFalconHeadSSB4-3.png F-Zero FZeroSymbol.png Unlockable Starter Unlockable Starter
Ness NessHeadSSB4-3.png Mother/EarthBound EarthboundSymbol.png Unlockable Starter Unlockable Unlockable (3DS)/Starter (Wii U)
Lucas LucasHeadSSBB.png Starter
Ice Climbers IceClimbersHeadSSBB.png Ice Climber IceClimbersSymbol.png Starter Starter
Marth MarthHeadSSB4-3.png Fire Emblem FireEmblemSymbol.png Unlockable Unlockable Starter
Roy RoyHeadSSBM.png Unlockable
Ike IkeHeadSSB4-3.png Starter Starter
Lucina LucinaHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable
Robin RobinHeadSSB4-3.png Starter
Mr. Game & Watch MrGame&WatchHeadSSB4-3.png Game & Watch Game&WatchSymbol.png Unlockable Unlockable Unlockable
Pit PitHeadSSB4-3.png Kid Icarus KidIcarusSymbol.png Starter Starter
Palutena PalutenaHeadSSB4-3.png Starter
Dark Pit DarkPitHeadSSB4-3.png Unlockable
Olimar OlimarHeadSSB4-3.png Pikmin PikminSymbol.png Starter Starter
R.O.B. ROBHeadSSB4-3.png Robot ROBSymbol.png Unlockable Unlockable
Villager VillagerHeadSSB4-3.png Animal Crossing AnimalCrossingSymbol.png Starter
Wii Fit Trainer WiiFitTrainerHeadSSB4-3.png Wii Fit WiiFitSymbol.png Starter
Duck Hunt DuckHuntHeadSSB4-3.png Duck Hunt DuckHuntSymbol.png Unlockable
Little Mac LittleMacHeadSSB4-3.png Punch-Out!! PunchOutSymbol.png Starter
Shulk ShulkHeadSSB4-3.png Xenoblade XenobladeSymbol.png Starter
Mii Fighter MiiBrawlerHeadSSB4-3.png
MiiGunnerHeadSSB4-3.png
MiiSwordfighterHeadSSB4-3.png
Super Smash Bros. SmashBrosSymbol.png Starter
Mii Brawler / Mii Swordfighter / Mii Gunner
Sonic SonicHeadSSB4-3.png Sonic The Hedgehog SonicSymbol.png Unlockable Starter
Snake SnakeHeadSSBB.png Metal Gear MetalGearSymbol.png Unlockable
Mega Man MegaManHeadSSB4-3.png Mega Man MegaManSymbol.png Starter
Pac-Man Pac-ManHeadSSB4-3.png Pac-Man PacManSymbol.png Starter

Non-playable characters[edit]

The following non-playable characters appear only in the various single-player modes throughout the series, controlled by the computer. The player can control them only by using various cheat devices and the Master Hand glitch. Most of the non-playable characters were created for use in the Super Smash Bros. series.

Bosses[edit]

Throughout the Super Smash Bros. series, most single-player modes have included several non-playable boss characters. These bosses generally have a number of advantageous characteristics, such as extreme resistance to being knocked off of the screen. Most of these bosses were created specifically for the Super Smash Bros. franchise, though some have made appearances in other games.

Master Hand (right) and Crazy Hand (left) in Super Smash Bros. Brawl

Master Hand appears in both Super Smash Bros. and its sequel Super Smash Bros. Melee as the final boss of Classic Mode and the 50th Event Match "Final Destination Match". Super Smash Bros. Melee introduced a left-hand counterpart to Master Hand named Crazy Hand, which appears alongside Master Hand in some scenarios. Master Hand also makes several appearances in Kirby & the Amazing Mirror as a miniboss, and partnered with Crazy Hand as the bosses of Candy Constellation. It also makes an appearance in Kirby: Squeak Squad as a gray hand that can shift its shape to form swords and the like.

Master Hand and Crazy Hand look identical aside from their laterality, but Crazy Hand's fingers act in a more erratic and chaotic way. While Master Hand is more relaxed and mature, Crazy Hand is impulsive and destructive and its fingers move differently when it is preparing for an attack. Its attacks are wilder and faster than those of Master Hand. When being fought simultaneously, Crazy Hand and Master Hand are able to execute moves together, including a series of claps, and the two hands making fists.

Super Smash Bros. also introduced Metal Mario (originally from Super Mario 64) and a Giant Donkey Kong. Metal Mario is simply Mario with increased resistance to being knocked out of the stage as well as a faster falling speed and more attack power, while Giant Donkey Kong is simply a larger and more powerful version of Donkey Kong. Super Smash Bros. Melee's Adventure Mode introduced more boss characters that were enhanced versions of playable characters, such as the Tiny Donkey Kong duo, Giant Kirby and Metal Luigi. However, due to items introduced in Melee, such as the Metal Box, Super Mushroom and Poison Mushroom, all of these seemingly non-playable characters (including the enhanced characters that were unplayable bosses in the first game) are indeed playable for short amounts of time as they allow all characters to become Metal, Giant or Tiny. Dark Link, a completely black form of Link, appeared in Melee as a non-playable character. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, gamers are able to play as Dark Link in the form of a color change for Link.[8]

Giga Bowser as Bowser's Final Smash attack in Super Smash Bros. Brawl

Giga Bowser, known in Japan as Giga Koopa (ギガクッパ|Giga Kuppa), is a gigantic, enhanced version of Bowser introduced in Melee. He is the secret final boss of Melee's Adventure Mode, only appearing if the player clears Adventure Mode on Normal level or higher in 18 minutes or fewer without continuing. Beat him without using a continue to get his trophy. He is also one of the fighters in the final match of Melee's Event mode, "The Showdown", with Mewtwo and Ganondorf by his side. Giga Bowser has several abilities that the regular Bowser does not. He is so large that he is immune to grabs and similar grabbing moves. As with Metal Mario, Giga Bowser becomes playable for short periods of time in the following game, Super Smash Bros. Brawl, when Bowser performs his "Final Smash" attack. Bowser transforms into Giga Bowser, and is near invincible, if not fully invincible, until the effect of the Final Smash wears off.[9]

Super Smash Bros. Brawl's adventure mode, The Subspace Emissary, also features boss characters.[10] Some of these characters, such as Petey Piranha, are characters borrowed from other franchises.

Others are original and are only in Super Smash Bros.; Galleom,Duon and Tabuu are examples.

Super Smash Bros. 4 will now have bosses that appear on regular stages, being from that stage's origin series, such as Ridley (from Metroid) and Yellow Devil (from Mega Man).


ThePolygons.pngFightingWireFrames.jpg
Magnify-clip.pngMagnify-clip.png
Fighting Polygons & Wire Frames.

Fighting Generic Teams[edit]

Alloys from Brawl

Fighting Polygons (or "the Fighting Polygon Team") are metallic-looking purple clones of playable characters made completely out of crude polygons in Super Smash Bros. for the Nintendo 64. The next to last level in the game contains 30 of these clones of existing Smash 64 characters. They use near-perfect models as their character-counterparts with minute changes to their anatomy, and with a purple texture. In Super Smash Bros. Melee, the Fighting Polygons are replaced by the Fighting Wire Frames. Unlike the original game, there are only two types of Fighting Wire Frames (Male and Female) as opposed to a Polygon corresponding to each individual character base. The only distinct characteristics Fighting Wire Frames have is that they have a Heart inside their chest, and the Super Smash Bros. symbol where their face should be. Both the male and female Fighting Wire Frames possess these. Male and Female Wire Frames have the frame and gait of Captain Falcon and Zelda, respectively. Both models lack special moves. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, the Fighting Alloy Team supersedes both other teams and come in four colors, shapes, and sizes. In Smash Bros 4 however, they were replaced by Fighting Mii Teams. They wear a black shirt that has the letter M, instead of a crudely made model of another character. On a side note, instead of each one having a certain character's moveset, they have their own moveset.

Adopted enemies[edit]

Along with Melee's Adventure Mode came the inclusion of minor, generic enemies, such as Goombas from the Super Mario franhchise and Octoroks from the Legend of Zelda franchise. This trend continues into Super Smash Bros. Brawl to an extent; only enemies from the Mario series reappear (Goombas, Hammer Bros, Bullet Bills, and Koopa Troopas) due to Bowser's hands-on role in the SSE as a villain. Waddle Dees also appeared in a cut scene, but they never showed up as regular enemies. Brawl's adventure mode also includes an assortment of original characters to serve as non-playable generic enemies led by the Subspace Army.

One of the Primid

Subspace Army[edit]

Main article: Subspace Army

The Subspace Army are the antagonists of Super Smash Bros. Brawl, appearing in The Subspace Emissary and led by the Ancient Minister. Their goal is to bring the entire world to Subspace piece by piece with devices called Subspace bombs (detonated with the aid of two R.O.B.s), though their motives are currently unknown. Among their footsoldiers are the Primid. The Primid are the primary offensive force of the Subspace Army. They are said to come in various forms to do battle.[11] They can be seen forming out of strange purple spores that clump together. A variety of other enemies exist; along with a Squad of R.O.B.s, assorted original enemies include Bytans, small spherical enemies capable of self-replication; Greaps, large robotic figures that attack with large sickles; and Trowlons, enemies with trowel-like arms that attack by lifting opponents, amongst many others.[12]

Sandbag[edit]

Sandbag
Main article: Sandbag

Sandbag (サンドバッグくん Sandobaggu-kun) appears in the "Home-Run Contest" minigame in Super Smash Bros. Melee and Super Smash Bros. Brawl. The object is to strike it as far as possible with either a supplied Home-Run Bat or a fighting move. Sandbag's only purpose is to get hit in the Home-Run Contest. Being hit all the time does not hurt it; it actually loves to see players "wind up and let loose," according to the trophy description. During the actual Home-Run Contest challenge, a player will use their chosen character to hit Sandbag off the pedestal on which it rests within ten seconds. Players damage Sandbag as much as possible while keeping on the orange platform so that it will fly farther. In Brawl, the "Home-Run Contest" also features two-player modes, online play, and a shield that keeps Sandbag on the platform while it is being damaged. Players may also practice by attacking Sandbag while online multiplayer matches load.

References[edit]

External links[edit]