Fireballs (ファイアボール, Fireball) are small projectiles launched by Mario and Luigi as their neutral special moves. Each travels a short distance, does minor damage, and causes flinching common to fire-based attacks. The fireball's trajectory changes according to the stage's surface angle upon contact, though with different results for each character.
In Super Smash Bros., both Mario's and Luigi's fireballs do 7%, while in Super Smash Bros. Melee, their damage is decreased by 1%, only causing 6%. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Mario's fireball does 5%, while Luigi's does 6%. In Super Smash Bros. 4, Mario's and Luigi's fireballs do less damage the further they travel - 5% close, 4% far for Mario, and 6% close, 5% far for Luigi.
Mario's red fireballs fall to the ground, losing momentum with each bounce. As such, they are more effective when fired from higher locations and toward downward slopes, traveling further. When firing at a wall or upward slope, the balls will bounce backward, which can be used as a more defensive maneuver for brief protection from oncoming foes, perhaps in the air or from behind. Mario's fireballs can be spammed, though with some difficulty (and at a slower rate of fire than Luigi's), and are a decent approach tactic. The move can be more efficient when used in the air, falling to meet the enemy at ground level, while still moving, and negating lag.
In Super Smash Bros. 4, Mario's Fireballs are more realistically designed, with smoke and ashes coming out of the flames. Due to the addition of custom movesets, the attack can also be changed into Fast Fireball, which travels quickly but inflicts less damage, or Fire Orb, which travels at a slower rate but is more powerful.
For his animation since Melee, Mario brings back his left/leading hand and palms it forward to release the projectile.
Luigi's green fireballs travel in a straight line and are unaffected by gravity (matching his floaty motif) and drift around in a circle, rather than rolling like Mario's. Also, despite the fact that Luigi's fireballs are green, they still make red-orange burn animations upon impact on a character. They can be easily spammed, and can be fired at a slightly faster pace than Mario's, especially in the Negative Zone (Luigi's Final Smash in Brawl). When firing at stage elements, the projectile's path will change based on the contact angle. As such, the move is more useful when used toward upward slopes, continuing on to foes. The move is more difficult to use on downward slopes, passing over enemies. Fireball approach is perhaps more difficult than with Mario, as the attack does not fall when used in the air. In general, Luigi's special attack is contextually less useful than Mario's, as it only travels in only one direction (forward), where Mario's move in two (forward, and downward). It also travels less distance. Luigi's fireballs deal 1% more damage than Mario's and have less ending lag.
In Melee, using Fireball while wavedashing off from a platform preserves his horizontal momentum, allowing him to travel the stage relatively quickly. This technique is called a Vududash, after the smasher Vudujin.
For his animation since Melee, Luigi brings back his left/leading hand in a covering position and gestures it forward in a finger snap to release the projectile.
Special Move customization is available in Super Smash Bros. 4. These are the variations:
Fireballs were introduced in the game Mario Bros. Red and green fireballs would periodically travel across the screen as hazards. The red fireballs moved in a random pattern, being affected by gravity, and the green fireballs moved in a straight path, not being affected by gravity at all. Only the green ones appear in Brawl's version of the stage, but they start out as red/purple before moving. They can be destroyed for points with Mario and/or Luigi bumping them from underneath with a jump should they be close enough to the platform above.
Although fireballs appeared in Mario Bros., the act of shooting fireballs originated in the 1985 game, Super Mario Bros., where the ability was obtained after collecting a Fire Flower. The power is lost when the player dies or takes damage. In the game, fireballs were small, traveled very quickly, and did not stop until they hit something. Also, in this game and other traditional Mario games, Luigi's fireballs are not unique, being red in color and behaving exactly like Mario's. In most games, only two fireballs could be on-screen at a time even if one could be rapid-fired after another. Luigi's green fireballs made their debut in the Super Smash Bros. series, but reappear later in the Mario spin-offs such as Mario Kart: Double Dash!!, Mario Superstar Baseball, Mario Hoops 3-on-3, and Mario Super Sluggers.
A Fire Flower would also change the character's clothing colors, depending on the game. Usually, Mario's overalls became red, while Luigi's turned green, both with white shirts and caps. These color schemes are available as alternate costumes for Mario and Luigi in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. 4 and only Luigi in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.
In a similar way to Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, Mario can use fire without a Fire Flower in Smash Bros., as Mario became associated with the element of fire.
One of Mario's custom moves, Fire Orb, possesses the same name and a similar appearance as one of his special attacks from Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, but it functions differently from the attack in that game.