Super Smash Bros. series


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Nintendo Company, Limited
Type Public (Symbol: NTDOY)
Founded September 23, 1889; 132 years ago
Headquarters Japan Kyoto, Japan
United States of America Redmond, Washington
Canada Vancouver, British Columbia
Europe Frankfurt, Germany
UK Windsor, Berkshire
Australia Scoresby, Victoria
China Suzhou, China (as iQue, Ltd.)
South Korea Seoul, South Korea
Key people Shuntaro Furukawa: President
Satoru Iwata (deceased): Former President & CEO
Doug Bowser: President & COO of NOA
Reggie Fils-Aime: Former President & COO of NOA
Shigeru Miyamoto: Game Designer
Gunpei Yokoi (deceased): Creator of Game Boy, Game & Watch, and Metroid (series)
Hiroshi Yamauchi (deceased): Former President & Chairman
Minoru Arakawa & Howard Lincoln: Former heads of NOA
Satoru Shibata: President of NOE
Industry Card games (previously)
Entertainment media (e.g. Video games, Toys, Theme Parks, etc.)
Products Color TV Game, Game & Watch, NES, Game Boy line, SNES, Virtual Boy, Nintendo 64, GameCube, Nintendo DS, Wii, Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, Nintendo Switch and various video game titles.
Revenue 4.5 billion USD (2016)
Forbes 2000 ranking: 620
Net income 146.1 million USD (2016)
Employees 5,166 (2017)
Website Nintendo Japan
Nintendo of America
Nintendo Europe
Nintendo Australia

Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂株式会社, Nintendo Company, Limited) is a Japanese multinational corporation originally founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade Hanafuda cards.[2] In the mid-twentieth century, the company tried several small niche businesses, such as a Love hotel and a taxi company.[3] Over the years, it became a video game company, growing into one of the most powerful in the industry. Aside from video games, Nintendo is a minor owner of the Seattle Mariners, a Major League Baseball team in Seattle, Washington. As of March 31, 2014, Nintendo has sold over 670.43 million hardware units, and nearly 4.23 billion software units worldwide.


Nintendo originally started as a playing card manufacturer in 1889. While Nintendo has made many types of playing cards over the decades, their most successful variety were Hanafuda, which they still occasionally sell to this day. Notable events in this field are Nintendo being the first Japanese company to make their cards out of plastic in 1953 and their deal with Disney to use their characters in 1959. Growing unsatisfied with the inherent limitations of only producing cards and wanting to distance themselves from the stigma of illegal gambling, Nintendo decided to venture into other industries in an effort to secure more revenue. Nintendo changed industries many times throughout the decade, with all attempts quickly failing. From 1963 and 1968 alone, notable examples include a taxi company, a "love hotel" chain, a TV network, a food company, and several other things, including a toy remote controlled vacuum cleaner called Chiritory[4] which was later seen as a two-player game in WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Microgame$!.

In mounting debt, Nintendo eventually settled on the toy industry but were struggling like all other ventures. This was due to their relatively small scale at this point and the industry being dominated by already well-established companies. Because of the generally short product life cycle of toys, the company always had to come up with a new product. This was the beginning of a major new era for Nintendo.

In 1966, Hiroshi Yamauchi, the third president of Nintendo, was observing a Nintendo hanafuda factory. He noticed an extending arm, which was made by one of their maintenance engineers, Gunpei Yokoi, for his own amusement. Yamauchi was impressed with the ingenuity of Yokoi and ordered it to be developed as a product for the holiday season. The product, officially named Ultra Hand, was a huge success, selling approximately 1.2 million units, causing Yokoi to be moved from maintenance duty to product development. Other successful toys Yokoi invented were the Ten Billion Barrel puzzle, the Ultra Machine, and the Love Tester.

Outside of toys, Nintendo also created the Nintendo Beam Gun, a solar powered light gun, and the Ele-Conga programmable drum machines. These machines would act as precursors to the products Nintendo would be best known for in the coming decades.

Electronic era[edit]

Nintendo's logo from 2006 to 2017.
Nintendo's logo from 2006 to 2017.

After their toy venture proved a great success, Nintendo seeked other industries to enter for more creative opportunities and profit. They saw the rise of arcades and amusement machines in the early 1970s and saw them as a natural evolution from toys. Their first attempt at these amusement machines was Laser Clay Shooting System in 1973, a shooting gallery where players would use a light gun to shoot images projected onto a wall. The game was a financial success and prompted Nintendo to make more games for arcades like Wild Gunman in 1974, EVR Race in 1975, Sky Hawk and Duck Hunt in 1976, and Block Fever in 1978. Nintendo also noticed the booming home console market around this time and developed relationships with Mitsubishi electronics, who would help design the consoles, and Magnavox, who agreed to license their hardware to Nintendo to create the Color TV-Game line of gaming consoles starting in 1977. Gunpei Yokoi would notice a bored salaryman on the train fiddling with a calculator and came up with the idea to make a game console that can fit in a pocket. This became the Game & Watch line of LCD handheld games. While not the first of their kind, they were by far the most successful at the time and were the first real big break into the video game industry for Nintendo.

However, their arcade division was not doing as well as the rest of the company, with each release seeing diminishing returns. The 1980 release of Radar Scope was seen as a particularly disastrous financial flop and put Nintendo into serious financial trouble. In a desperate effort to course correct, executives assigned relative newcomer Shigeru Miyamoto to make a new game out of the Radar Scope arcade board for a quick and cheap turnaround. The game he made would turn into Donkey Kong, which became an unprecedented success and would change the course of video game history by making Nintendo a household name outside of Japan for the first time.

By 1983, more successful arcade games released like Donkey Kong Jr., Popeye, and Mario Bros, and the Game & Watch line received new installments on a nearly monthly basis. At this point, Nintendo wanted to expand their home console division with a more powerful machine that can accept cartridges for a theoretically infinite number of games. The final product was the Family Computer system (often shortened to Famicom), which swept Japan on July 15, 1983, as the best-selling video game console at the time, easily overtaking all competition. This success is attributed to the large variety of quality exclusive titles, which includes ports of existing arcade games, original titles like Balloon Fight, Ice Climber, Excitebike, and a clause for third party developers that want to make games for a Nintendo console mandating they only make games for Nintendo consoles. However, Nintendo hesitated to release the system internationally, as the 1983 video game crash was in full effect and the fear of a financial disappointment was present in the company. To prevent this, Nintendo established a branch named Nintendo of America to research the market and find a way to make the console launch a success. This branch eventually came up with the plan of redesigning the console into the “Nintendo Entertainment System” and market it as a toy instead of an electronic system, as well as bundle it with the Zapper, the Robotic Operating Buddy (R.O.B.) and the games Super Mario Bros. and Duck Hunt. The launch was a great success and is often credited for reversing the video game crash. While it was not dominant in every region of the world, Nintendo more or less had a monopoly on the industry through the 1980s.

Many iconic franchises were born on this console, such as The Legend of Zelda, Metroid, Kid Icarus, Dragon Quest, Final Fantasy, and Mega Man. In 1986, Nintendo released the Famicom Disk System, which used writable disks to make new innovations like more processing power and save states. This accessory did not release outside of Japan, so games for the system had to find creative ways to make equivalent experiences for international audiences like passwords and battery pak save files.

In 1989, as the Game & Watch line was ramping down, Nintendo develop a successor that combined the design philosophes of that line and the NES, which they named Game Boy. The hardware of the system is very limited with less processing power than an NES and only four colors, though it greatly outpaced the competition due to its economical design, relatively long battery life, and prestige of Nintendo. Aside from popularizing franchises like Tetris and Dr. Mario, a few franchises started on Game Boy like Kirby, the Wario sub-series and Pokémon.

In 1990, Nintendo created a full successor to the Famicom, titled the Super Famicom, which was released in 1991 as the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Alongside now-legacy franchises getting new installments, many franchises started on this system like F-Zero, Star Fox, the Yoshi sub-series and many RPG franchises by the companies that now make up Square Enix. A few accessories were released for the system like the Super Game Boy and the Japan-exclusive Satelleview online distribution service. Despite the initial success, Sega with their Genesis system and the pack-in game Sonic the Hedgehog briefly overtook Nintendo in market share, with some companies defecting from Nintendo due to the increasingly dated and draconic exclusivity clause. Nintendo did retake their dominance by the end of the generation, but their status as a monopoly was hit and they never fully recovered.

In 1993, Nintendo announced a new system named the Ultra 64 at the time. Though the console did not release until 1996, many events occurred in the interim. Also in 1993, Nintendo was collaborating with Sony to develop a compact disc add-on to the Super Famicom, though the deal fell through when Nintendo believed they were treated unfavorably in the contract. Nintendo then partnered with Philips, and that deal also fell through, though not before several games based on Nintendo properties were made for the Philips CD-i. Sony, burned by the deal falling through, decided to create their own console, which released in 1994 as the PlayStation, which grew to be Nintendo’s greatest rival in the video game industry. In 1995, Nintendo released a system to sate fans when the Ultra 64 was delayed several times. This console was the Virtual Boy, a “portable” console that utilized glasses-free 3D technology. The console was a massive flop due to the unintuitive design, lack of games, and actual health hazards due to the red and black display and said unintuitive design. The Virtual Boy lasted less than a year before being discontinued.

In 1996, the Nintendo 64 finally released. Alongside legacy franchises getting new genre defining entries like Super Mario 64 and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, a few franchises were born on this system like Banjo-Kazooie, Mario Party and Super Smash Bros. However, there was an exodus of third-party developers to competitors like the PlayStation, resulting in a very small game library, especially for a major console. This is often attributed to the exclusivity clause that still exists, the unorthodox proprietary hardware, expensive cartridges with small storage space, and compact discs being the preferred method of distribution. This resulted in significantly lower sales than previous generations, though the system pioneered many innovations like analog stick controls and built-in four player multiplayer that are now industry standard today.

In 1998, Nintendo released an upgrade to the Game Boy titled the Game Boy Color. While there is debate whether it is a simple upgrade or a full successor, all original Game Boy games are backwards compatible alongside several original titles.

In 2001, Nintendo released two consoles at around the same time, one a home console and the other a handheld, both of which were designed to be cross-compatible in several ways. The home console is the Nintendo GameCube. Building off the architecture of the Nintendo 64, the GameCube included drastically improved graphical power and a transition to discs, albeit with proprietary mini optical discs. This unconventional architecture and lack of other features made the GameCube lag behind the PlayStation 2 and newcomer Xbox, making it Nintendo’s worst selling console at the time and continuing their downward trend in console sales. Still, some fan-favorite franchises came from this console like Pikmin, Luigi’s Mansion, and Animal Crossing. The portable console is the Game Boy Advance. The true successor to the Game Boy with significantly increased internal specs, it grew to dominant the handheld scene in its generation due to having no real competition in its prime and kept Nintendo afloat while the GameCube struggled. Famous franchises from this console include WarioWare and Golden Sun.

In 2004, Nintendo released another handheld named the Nintendo DS. What made this console stand out is its use of two screens simultaneously, with the bottom screen having touch support. While initially marketed as an alternative to the Game Boy Advance, the DS quickly outsold it and every other Nintendo console that came before, with it currently being Nintendo’s best-selling console and the second best-selling video game console of all time, only behind the PlayStation 2. Despite competition from the PlayStation Portable and the quickly growing mobile market, the DS continued to sell and put Nintendo back on track in terms of sales. Famous franchises from this console include New Super Mario Bros, Nintendogs, Brain Age, the Personal Trainer and Touch Generations series.

In 2006, Nintendo released the Wii. After the failure of the GameCube, Nintendo decided to shift gears and go after a new demographic. Realizing the industry was leaning heavily into the hardcore gaming audience, the more casual end of the spectrum was being neglected. With the seed already planted with the DS and its growing library of games that were more lifestyle and multipurpose programs, Nintendo built this new home console for those that have never played video games before or those that had not played a game in years, with an emphasis on content meant for families and lighter experiences. While the internal specs of the Wii were not significantly more powerful than the GameCube, the main gimmick was the Wii remote primarily using motion controls, which opened the door for unique and intuitive control schemes for those without the reflexes or dexterity for typical controllers. The Wii went on to be the best-selling console of its generation and was the second-best selling Nintendo console for well over a decade. Famous franchises from this console include the Mii series starring the titular player created characters, Wii Fit, Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games, Xenoblade Chronicles, and the introduction the Wii Shop Channel where players can download new and old games through the internet.

In 2011, Nintendo released the Nintendo 3DS. A full successor to the DS, its selling point was all the features that console and all of its revisions introduced, along with improved performance and graphical fidelity and a screen that can produce glasses-free 3D visuals. Despite the upward swing in both home and handheld console sales before it, the 3DS failed to reach its projected sales figures soon after launch. To combat this, the system received a significant price cut and first party releases were continuously pumped out to regain goodwill from disgruntled customers. The 3DS were recover and go on to outperform all of its competition, though only selling about half the units of its predecessor through its revisions. Famous franchises from this console include the many Streetpass games, Bravely Default, Yo-Kai Watch, and the introduction of a revamped version of the Wii Shop Channel titled the Nintendo eShop.

In 2012, Nintendo released the Wii U, a successor to the Wii. This was the first Nintendo Console to support true high-definition visuals, and continued the legacy of the Wii by introducing a game pad that can act as a second screen for games. Due to brand confusion and the convoluted nature of the console making it difficult for developers to work with, the console’s launch was again disappointing. Unlike the 3DS alongside it, the Wii U never fully recovered from its fumbled launch. The Wii U is currently Nintendo’s worst-selling home console and second worst-selling console of all time, with only the Virtual Boy performing worse. Famous franchises from this console include Splatoon, and Super Mario Maker.

In 2017, Nintendo released the Nintendo Switch, its currently sold video game console. The main selling point of the console is that it can seamlessly transition between being a home console and a handheld console. It is currently Nintendo’s best-selling home console and its second best-selling console of all time, only trailing behind the Nintendo DS. Famous franchises from this console include Ring Fit Adventure, Mario + Rabbids, and Octopath Traveler.

Nintendo also has ventures in other creative mediums. The company still has a sizeable investment in the toy and merchandise industries, including the hanafuda cards the company began with and amiibo. Nintendo has worked with other companies to make media for theatres and television, as well as develop their own subsidiary titled Nintendo Pictures. Nintendo owns and operates several storefronts around the world and has partnered with Universal Studios to make the Super Nintendo World theme park.

Gaming systems[edit]



Other hardware[edit]

  • Game Boy Camera - a monochrome camera cartridge for the original version of the Game Boy, includes a simple picture editor and ability to print pictures via Game Boy Printer.
  • Broadcast Satellaview - Only released in Japan, an add-on for the Super Famicom (Japanese SNES) that allowed anyone to download games by a satellite.
  • Game Boy Player – An adapter for playing Game Boy games on the GameCube.
  • Game Boy Printer - An adapter designed for printing things from the Game Boy. For example, it was used for printing out Pokémon information from the Pokédex in the Game Boy Pokémon games.
  • iQue Player – A version of the Nintendo 64, with double the clock speed and downloadable games, released only in the Chinese market.
  • iQue DS - A version of the Nintendo DS, released only in China.
  • Nintendo 64DD – Only released in Japan, this add-on system's games are on re-writable magnetic disks. Games released include a paint and 3D construction package, F-Zero X Expansion Kit, for creating new F-Zero X tracks, a sequel to the SNES version of SimCity, SimCity 64 and a few others. A complete commercial failure, many speculated that Nintendo released it only to save face after promoting it preemptively for years.
  • Pokémon Mini – Unveiled in London at Christmas 2000, the Pokémon Mini was Nintendo's cheapest system ever produced; with games costing £10 ($15) each, and the system costing £30 ($45). This remains the smallest cartridge-based games console ever made. Sales of this system were rather poor, but, unlike the Virtual Boy, Nintendo made a profit on every game and system sold.
  • Mobile System GB - Released in Japan, December 14, 2000. The Mobile System is an adapter to play Game Boy Color games on the cell phone. The game Pokémon Crystal was the first game to take advantage of the Mobile System. Someone can hook an adapter to their Game Boy and connect it to a mobile phone which people can receive news, trade, and battle with other players across Japan.
  • Pokémon Pikachu - A handheld device similar to the popular Tamagotchi toy that allowed the user to take care of Pikachu in the manner of a pet.
  • Super Game Boy – Adapter for playing Game Boy games on the Super NES, which some games would be displayed in color.
  • Super Game Boy 2 - A newer version of the Super Game Boy that, unlike the previous version, could also play Game Boy Color games.
  • Triforce – An arcade system based on Nintendo GameCube hardware, developed in partnership with Sega and Namco.
  • Yakuman – A handheld Mah-jong game released in 1983.


  • amiibo - Playable figures used to add features and enhance gameplay in various games.

Offices and locations[edit]

Taken from Wikimedia Commons.The Nintendo of America headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Part of the MediaWiki software. For use in {{ImageCaption}}Part of the MediaWiki software. For use in {{ImageCaption}}
Left: Nintendo's main headquarters in Kyoto, Japan.
Right: Nintendo of America's headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

Nintendo Company, Limited (NCL), the main branch of the company, is based in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Nintendo of America (NOA), its American division, is based in Redmond, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. It has distribution centers in Atlanta, Georgia, and North Bend, Washington. Nintendo of Canada, Ltd. (NOCL) is based in Richmond, British Columbia, with its own distribution centre in Toronto, Ontario. Nintendo of Australia, its Australian division, is based in Melbourne, Victoria, and Nintendo Europe, the European division, is based in Großostheim, Germany, though Nintendo UK & Ireland is based in Windsor, Berkshire, UK. iQue, a Chinese joint venture with its founder, Doctor Wei Yen, and Nintendo, manufactures and distributes official Nintendo consoles and games for the mainland Chinese market, under the iQue brand. Nintendo also opened Nintendo of Korea (NoK) on July 7, 2006, based in Seoul, South Korea.

Development of Super Smash Bros.[edit]

Super Smash Bros.[edit]

The original of the Smash series began life as a prototype created by Masahiro Sakurai and Satoru Iwata in their spare time titled Dragon King: The Fighting Game, and originally featured no pre-existing Nintendo characters. However, Sakurai hit on the idea of including fighters from different Nintendo franchises in order to provide 'atmosphere' which he felt was necessary for a home console fighting game. The two made a prototype in secret without knowledge or permission from Nintendo, fearing the concept would immediately be shot down. This prototype with Mario, Donkey Kong, Samus and Fox as playable characters on placeholder stages was pitched to Nintendo and approved for HAL Laboratory to enter full development production.[5] The game had a small budget and little promotion, and was originally a Japan-only release, but its huge success saw the game released worldwide.[6] The game was released on January 21, 1999 in Japan and in the Americas on April 26.

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

HAL Laboratory (a second party developer for Nintendo) developed Super Smash Bros. Melee, with Masahiro Sakurai as the head of the production. The game was one of the first games released on the Nintendo GameCube and highlighted the advancement in graphics from the Nintendo 64.

Nintendo presented the game at the E3 event of 2001 as a playable demonstration.[7] The next major exposition of the game came in Spaceworld 2001 in August, in which Nintendo displayed a playable demo that had updated upon the previous demo displayed in E3. Nintendo offered a playable tournament of the games for fans in which a GameCube and Super Smash Bros. Melee were prizes for the winner.[8]

The game is notorious for having an extremely short 13 month development cycle. Sakurai would later admit that his lifestyle during that time was "destructive." During development, he took no holidays, weekends were very short, and the average work "day" was around 40 hours.

Super Smash Bros. Brawl[edit]

At the pre-E3 2005 press conference, the president of Nintendo, Satoru Iwata, announced the next installment of Super Smash Bros. was not only already in development for their next gaming console, but would hopefully be a launch title with Wi-Fi compatibility for online play.[9] Shortly after the announcement, Masahiro Sakurai, a former employee of HAL Laboratory was called up and offered a position as the game's director.[10]

The initial trailer was revealed at E3 2006. The trailer primarily focused on the updated graphics to the darker, more realistic art style, as well as the introduction of new gameplay mechanics like Final Smashes. Aside from the reveal that Mario, Link, Pikachu and Kirby would be returning, new characters including Meta Knight, Pit, Zero Suit Samus, Wario and Snake were introduced in this trailer. From May 22, 2007 to April 14, 2008, the website Smash Bros. DOJO!! updated daily with a new blog post that detailed a part of the game, including new characters, stages, modes, and items. The game was originally set to release on December 3, 2007, but was delayed to January 15, 2008, then delayed again to finally release in Japan on January 31, 2008, in the Americas on March 9, and in the PAL region on June 27.

Super Smash Bros. 4[edit]

At the E3 2011 conference, Satoru Iwata announced that a new Super Smash Bros. title was planned for the Nintendo 3DS and Wii U. Development began after Masahiro Sakurai completed development of Kid Icarus: Uprising. It was revealed that development would be a joint venture between Sora Ltd. and Bandai Namco. The games were officially unveiled at E3 2013, which revealed Villager and Mega Man as new characers, with Wii Fit Trainer also being revealed later in the day. These trailers also started the trends of new characters getting a dedicated trailers, often with cinematic animations made specifically for the trailer. New characters were periodically revealed with a trailer in several Nintendo Directs, with a dedicated direct on April 8, 2014 explaining how both games would works and a 50 fact extravaganza explaining several ways the Wii U version is different from the 3DS version. The extravaganza also revealed Mewtwo as the first ever downloadable fighter for the series.

The 3DS version was originally supposed to release in summer of 2014, but was delayed and released in Japan on September 13, 2014, and in Western regions on October 3. The Wii U version was released first in the Americas on November 21, in PAL regions on November 28, and in Japan on December 6. The 3DS and Wii U versions differ in features and stages, but retain the same gameplay, and allow for data transfer of custom characters between both versions and use of the 3DS as a controller for the Wii U version. They are the first video games with amiibo support, and the first Super Smash Bros. games with DLC, which released periodically until February 2016. This content was revealed in various Nintendo directs with dedicated trailers, including a Final Presentation on December 15, 2015 that revealed Corrin and Bayonetta as the final to downloadable fighters.

Super Smash Bros. Ultimate[edit]

At the end of a Nintendo Direct on March 8th, 2018, what seemed like a Splatoon trailer actually was a surprise teaser trailer for a new Super Smash Bros. title was announced for release later that year on Nintendo Switch. Super Smash Bros. Ultimate was formally revealed during E3 2018 and was released on December 7, 2018. The presentation revealed that all veterans from every previous Smash game return, joined by new fighters including Inkling, Daisy and Ridley. A dedicated Smash Direct premiered on August 8, 2018 and revealed Simon, Richter, Chrom, Dark Samus and King K. Rool, as well as various new modes and features. Isabelle was surprise revealed in a direct alongside a new Animal Crossing game. Another dedicated Smash Direct premiered on November 1, 2018 and revealed Ken, and Incineroar, as well as the announcement of DLC fighters.

Piranha Plant was revealed as the first downloadable fighter, but a separate Fighters Pass was also in the works. Five fighters were a part of the fighters pass. Joker was revealed as the fighter of the pass at The Game Awards 2018. Hero and Banjo & Kazooie were revealed as the second and third fighter at E3 2019. Hero also started the trend of having a Sakurai presents video that explains the fighter in-depth, a trend that continues to this day. Terry was revealed as the fourth fighter alongside the announcement of a second fighters pass. Byleth was revealed to be the fifth fighter. A fighter from ARMS was revealed to be the first fighter of the second fighters pass, which was later revealed to be Min Min. This also marked the first fighter reveal that was not announced in a direct or other show, but instead simply on a twitter post. Steve was revealed as the second fighter, again with a twitter post. Sephiroth was revealed to be the third fighter at The Game Awards 2020. Pyra and Mythra were revealed in the February 2021 Nintendo Direct. Kazuya was revealed at E3 2021. On October 5, 2021, Sora was revealed.


  • Nintendo is the oldest company to be represented in Smash, beating the second oldest (Disney) by 34 years.
    • This also makes Nintendo the only company represented in Smash to be founded in the 19th century.


  1. ^ Company History (Japanese). Nintendo of Japan. Retrieved on 2006-07-29.
  2. ^ Company History. Nintendo of America. Retrieved on 2006-06-04.
  3. ^ Nintendo History Lesson: The Lucky Birth. N-sider. Retrieved on 2006-06-04.
  4. ^ Squirl:Chiritory. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  5. ^ - Iwata Asks: Super Smash Bros. Brawl. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Super Smash Bros. Melee. N-Sider.
  7. ^ IGN: E3: Hands-on Impressions for Super Smash bros Melee. IGN (2001-05-17). Retrieved on 2007-11-24.
  8. ^ IGN: Spacewordl 2001: Super Smash Bros Melee hands-on. IGN (2001-08-25). Retrieved on 2007-11-24.
  9. ^ Matt Casamassina (2005-05-17). E3 2005: Smash Bros. For Revolution. IGN. Retrieved on 2006-05-03.
  10. ^ IGN Staff (2005-11-16). Smash Bros. Revolution Director Revealed. IGN. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.

External links[edit]

Official websites[edit]

Official social-media website accounts[edit]