The Nintendo GameCube (ニンテンドーゲームキューブ, Nintendo GameCube), also known as GCN or simply GameCube, is the fourth internationally released home video game console released by Nintendo in 2001. Super Smash Bros. Melee is one of its games, and its top-seller.
The original model of its successor, the Wii, is backward compatible with the Nintendo GameCube, capable of playing all of its games and accepting its controllers and Memory Cards. Various Wii games have allowed use of a GameCube controller as a way to have a more traditional way to play, including Super Smash Bros. Brawl. The control scheme in Brawl works much like it did in Melee.
The Nintendo GameCube is unique in that its discs are smaller than any other game disc, utilizing a proprietary variant of the 8 cm MiniDVD. The controller features a considerably different layout from the Nintendo 64 controller. The C-buttons are replaced with a C-Stick which is identical in function, its shoulder buttons are pressure-sensitive, and sports a new binary wing grip design as opposed to the Nintendo 64 controller's ternary wing grip design, along with many other differences. It is the first Nintendo console to introduce online play, although in an extremely limited, decentralized manner unlike its competitors, the Sony PlayStation 2 and Microsoft's Xbox console. The system sold 21.74 million units worldwide, selling significantly less than the PS2, and slightly less than the Xbox, only outselling former rival Sega's Dreamcast.
In the Super Smash Bros. series
Super Smash Bros. Melee was released for the system on November 21st, 2001 in Japan, December 3rd, 2001 in North America, May 24th, 2002 in Europe, and May 31st, 2002 in Australia.
The Nintendo GameCube appears within Super Smash Bros. Melee as a trophy, with its description breaking the fourth wall. It also appears as a platform in Luigi's Target Test in Melee in the center of the stage. In addition, the background of the Trophy Hoard room in Melee contains a GameCube (with controller) along with several other gaming implements, including a Game & Watch handheld, a Game Boy and a Nintendo 64 containing a copy of the original Super Smash Bros.
Various fighters in the Super Smash Bros. series originate from games originally released for the Nintendo GameCube: