Tripping (officially called prat falling; referred to in game files as slipping) is a gameplay mechanic introduced in Super Smash Bros. Brawl in which a fighter trips, falls over, and sits in a prone state with a confused expression. Whenever a character begins to dash or, while running, turn, or performs any button input that involves tapping the control stick (most notably those of a forward smash or side special move), there is a 1% chance that they will trip; certain attacks and items will also cause tripping. Brawl keeps track of the total number of Prat Falls each character or name has experienced in Group Brawls.
The sound effect for tripping changes depending on whether the character tripping is from a 'cartoonish' or 'realistic' game/series. In general, characters from more serious or 'realistic' franchises make a light, quick whoosh sound, followed by an unimpressive falling-down noise, while more cartoonish characters (that is, most of the cast) make a swabbing noise like a sliding mop before landing with a distinctive timpani noise.
When sitting down, a character has the same options as when lying down; however, a tripped character is more vulnerable. Unlike prone fighters, sitting fighters can be grabbed; attacks from a sitting position are weaker than from a lying down position, usually dealing 5% as opposed to 6%, lacking transcendent priority, and possessing only 8 safe frames (attacking while lying down usually keeps the character safe until the attack's hitboxes end); and rolls and stand ups are generally subpar to their lying down counterparts, possessing fewer invincibility frames yet comparably long animations.
List of tripping attacks in Brawl
Most attacks can only make an opponent trip if the target is not already sitting down and the attack knockback does not knock the target into the air. However, some have the slip effect and will therefore result in a trip regardless of these circumstances; these are represented in this list with "Always".
*Copy abilities not mentioned are the same as their originals.
List of tripping attacks in SSB4
* The unused fourth variation of this move has a trip chance of 40% instead.
Brawl's addition of random tripping was highly controversial. Though sometimes merely an annoyance, random tripping has potential to significantly impact a match. Since tripping leaves the player in a significant state of vulnerability while moving them a small distance forward, it is a common occurrence for players to unintentionally trip into an otherwise avoided attack, which can be as minor as a one-hit inconsequential punish (or, on the part of the tripping fighter, a missed opportunity to punish) or as major as a premature KO and even loss of the match. Though it is rare, random tripping also makes it slightly more difficult to read an opponent; a fighter may read an opponents action and input a punish, but instead, the opponent trips, keeping them out of the reach of the attack.
The randomness element of Brawl's tripping mechanic was generally received negatively, viewed as counterproductive to the idea of a skill-based match with a minimum of disruptive, chance-based elements. Furthermore, unlike some other heavily chance-based elements such as stage selection or item availability, random tripping cannot be turned off in Brawl.
While random tripping is considered a detriment to tournament play, forced tripping by certain moves is generally better-received since, unlike random tripping, its deliberate use can be planned and planned against. As such, forced tripping is an integral part of some characters' metagames, especially Diddy Kong and his Banana Peels, and is among the strongest reasons for his top-tier placement.