Co-op mode is a mode introduced in Super Smash Bros. Brawl where the player can get another player to help them with 1-Player modes over Wi-Fi or directly. Locally, a second player can join in at The Subspace Emissary, All-Star Mode, Boss Battles, Target Smash, Home-Run Contest, and Multi-Man Brawl. Online, with friends, a second player can join at Home-Run Contest and Multi-Man Brawl.
Differences from single-player versions
Main article: Adventure Mode: The Subspace Emissary
In many respects, the first player is the "lead", and the second player is a "helper", similar to the 2-player modes of Kirby Super Star. The first player chooses all the characters for the level except for one that is reserved for the second player. In stages where the camera shifts with the player, it will focus on player 1, who is also the only player who can open doors. Furthermore, if player 2 stays offscreen while the camera shifts, they are transported via a space jump to the first player. Player 2 can activate this at will by pressing the + or Start button, depending on the controller. Although player 1 chooses most of the characters, outside of each player's first pick, the remaining choices are "shared stock", in the sense that the first player to be knocked out will respawn as the next character on the list. Note that if player 2 is KO'd and no stock remains, player 1 may still be alive and can continue to play through the level. However, should player 1 be KO'd when there are no remaining stock, the game ends, regardless of player 2's status.
Main article: All-Star Mode
If two players attempt All-Star Mode, they will go though the normal format with a few minor changes:
Note that unlike Subspace Emissary, there is no clearly designated "lead" character, in the sense that player 1's role is no different than their companion other than that the ending theme will match player 1's character rather than player 2. Either player can activate the portal from the rest area, and either player's fall during a fight will trigger the continue screen.
Main article: Boss Battles
Co-op Boss Battles has a format very similar to that of 1-player Boss Battles, with a few of the same differences that All-Star Mode has:
Like All-Star mode, there is no distinction between the roles of each player. Either player's KO will end the mode, and either player may activate the teleporter in the Rest Area.
Target Smash, Home-Run Contest, and Multi-Man Brawl
Target Smash, Multi-Man Brawl and Home-Run Contest follow the same format as in one-player mode, except for the fact that there are two people playing rather than one. Challenges for Target Smash and Home-Run Contest modes can be earned in co-op, although records for all three are saved separately. Like All-Star Mode and Boss Battles mode, there is no distinction between either players' roles, and either player being KO'd will trigger a loss.