- This is the ruleset for Brawl. For other rulesets and general info on tournament legal settings, see Tournament legal.
Tournament legal describes the rules and settings that are accepted for use in competitive Smash tournaments by the American and Canadian Smash communities. The following is the current Unity Ruleset Committee's ruleset for Super Smash Bros. Brawl (called the Unity Ruleset), as displayed on the Smash World Forums as of May 16, 2011. The URC reserves the right to update this ruleset at any time, and said changes would go into effect immediately. Tournaments that do not use this ruleset were not eligible for stickies on SmashBoards or featured coverage on All is Brawl for a time, though this was ended on February 15, 2012.  The current version is 2.1. As of April 16, 2012, the Unity Ruleset Committee has disbanded. As a result, this ruleset is no longer supported by Smash World Forums and will not be updated anymore.
 General rules
- 3 stock.
- 8 minutes.
- Items are turned to off and none.
- Pause is disabled.
- All infinites and chain grabs are legal.
- There is an edge grab limit of 50. If the time limit expires and one player has gone over their limit, they lose the game. If both players go over the limit this rule is ignored.
- Stalling is banned. Stalling is intentionally making the game unplayable; examples include becoming invisible, continuing infinites, chain grabs, or uninterruptible moves past 300%, and reaching a position that cannot be reached by the opponent.
- Any action that can prevent the game from continuing (i.e., freezing, disappearing characters, game reset, etc.) will result in a forfeit of that match for the player that initiated the action. Players are responsible for being aware of these possibilities.
- If time runs out, the winner is determined by stock, and then by percentage.
- If both stock and percentage are identical, or a game ends with both players being KO'd simultaneously (typically because of a Sacrificial KO via Bowser's Flying Slam or Ganondorf's Flame Choke), then a tiebreaker is played. A tiebreaker is a 1 stock, 3 minute match with the same characters and the same stage. The edge grab limit in the tiebreaker is 18.
 Doubles play
- Team attack is on.
- Sharing stocks is allowed.
- If time runs out and either player on a team breaks their edge grab limit, their team loses. If players on both teams exceed the limit this rule is ignored.
- If the clock expires and the total number of stocks of each team is equal, use the sum of the final percentage of players on each team as the tiebreaker; whichever team has a lower sum wins. (A player who has been eliminated has 0 stocks and 0%).
- It may be requested by either team to change team colours in order to prevent any unnecessary confusion, if one of the players is Pokémon Trainer, Lucario, or Sonic.
 Set format
- Player priority is agreed on (or determined).
- Each team selects players' controller ports. In doubles, the teammate of the player that picks first must pick last (i.e. selection is in the order 1-2-2-1).
- Each team selects a character. Any player may request a double-blind pick.
- The first stage is selected from the list of starter stages, either through mutual agremeent, or by stage striking. The stage-striking order is 1-1-2-2-2-1 (where 1 is one team and 2 is the other team).
- The first game is played.
- The loser of the game may opt to repick controller ports, starting with themselves.
- The winner of the game may ban a stage if they have not already done so in the set.
- The loser of the game chooses a stage from the list of starter and counterpick stages. A stage cannot be chosen if the other side has banned it or the chooser has already won on the stage in this match.
- The winner selects their character.
- The loser selects their character.
- The next game is played.
- Repeat from step 6.
 Player priority
The team that initiates the stage-striking procedure is always the team that did not initiate the controller port selection. If there is a dispute over who does which, then either rock-paper-scissors or a coin flip will determine it - the winner gets to choose whether they wish to pick ports or start the stage striking.
For an explanation as to why stages are counter-picked or banned, see Banned stage
Stages are divided up into starter, counterpick, and banned. Starter stages are the only stages that are used in the first game of a match. After that, the loser may pick any stage, starter or counterpick, that is not banned. Players may also ban stages as explained in the set procedure.
Also, the Sample Stages included with Brawl to demonstrate the Stage Builder are not rated, and as a result, they are banned from tournaments.
 Player conduct
- Players are expected to bring their own controller and be prepared for every tournament set.
- If pausing is left on, and a player pauses, a TO must resolve the situation in the following way. Unpausing before a TO arrives results in a loss of stock for the unpauser.
- If the situation is neutral, the match is resumed with no further action.
- If the player who paused is at a disadvantage, once the game resumes they are to be placed either on the edge of the stage or in an opponent's grab.
- If the player who paused is in a "death situation", their current stock is forfeited immediately.
- Players who use the Wii Remote must take the batteries out of the Wii Remote when not playing; lingering Wiimotes may disrupt a match. If problems persist, the offender may be disqualified.
- Players are responsible for their own controls and name tag. Any malfunctions (including battery power) is the player's responsibility. Both sides must agree to restart a match because of such a problem.
- Intentional forfeiting, match fixing, splitting, and any other forms of bracket manipulation is not allowed and punishable by the TO.
- No substitutions are allowed for singles or doubles.
- During gameplay, any coaching parties must remain a finite distance determined by the TO away from the players in order to give players equal access to all coached information. Ear-side coaching is prohibited during games but acceptable between games. Failure to adhere to this will lead to punishment at the TO's discretion, which could include the coach's removal from the venue or a call to replay the game that the coaching interfered with.
- DQ Rule: Arriving too late for a match will result in a DQ. Player(s) will have 5 minutes to show up before a loss of the first match. 5 more minutes results in a loss of the set. For doubles, both players on a team need to be present in order to play.
- The tournament organizer has the right to save/record any tournament match if possible and has the right to upload said match.
- Regarding textures and other game hacks:
- Players may request that any texture, stage, or other hacks be disabled during a tournament set. If this is unable to be done, they may switch to a different setup if available.
- The URC recommends players to not use intrusive texture and stage hacks.
- Players are not allowed to use any game-altering hacks, such as no-tripping or moveset hacks. Someone caught setting up a system they brought with such hacks enabled can face punishment at the TO's discretion.
- Disrupting an opponent physically or intending to disrupt their play (through something such as screaming in a player's ear) will result in a warning. Repeated action will result in disqualification from the tournament and possibly ejection from the venue. Observers who physically disrupt players are to be dealt with as the Tournament Organiser sees fit. Disqualification is recommended if possible, and ejection from the venue is also a punishment.
 Pool ties
In the event two or more players are tied at the conclusion of a round of pools at a Unity Ruleset tournament, the following process will be done:
- Players will be compared with each other on various criteria in this ordered precedence: Set Wins, Head to Head, Wins, Losses, and One Game Rematch.
- If players are still tied on a step, you move down to the next one. For instance, if Player A and B both go 3-2 in sets in a round of pools, you will then proceed to the Head to Head step (who won the set between those players). Whoever won vs the other will proceed at the top of the tie.
- If Head to Head can not decide a tie, then you would move down to the Wins step. This may occur in a three way tie where all three players defeated each other (however note that if one person in a three way tie defeats both other players, then the Head to Head comparison will be used).
- If the tie breaker reaches all the way to the One Game Rematch step, this game will play out similar to the first game of any set (though doing best of one), where users will stage strike for the stage, and may double blind characters.
- If at any point a tie of three or more players is partially resolved, still leaving two or more players tied, the tie between the remaining players will be decided by starting the tie breaker process over for them. For instance, if in a three way tie in the Wins step, one player has six wins while the others have 5, the player with 6 wins will be the top of the 3. The remaining two players will start back at Sets Wins to determine who is higher between the two instead of proceeding onto the Losses step right away.
 TO protection
- These rules are subject to change leading up to the event date. The Tournament Organizer reserves the right to remove players from the venue at his or her discretion for any reason.
- The Tournament Organizer and his or her assistants, and any persons helping run the event may not be held liable for any lost, stolen, or damaged goods during the event. Nor will the Tournament Organizer, the venue, its owners, affiliates, employees, members, sponsors, or volunteers be held liable or responsible for any injury or harm that may befall a person during the course of the event. By entering the venue during the posted date players are displaying their agreement with this policy.
 Infraction system
Players that are found to be in contempt of the Unity Ruleset are subject to infractions. The infraction system involves giving time-limited yellow cards and/or red cards to players for certain actions; being given two active yellow cards in one category results in an automatic red card. The URC handles all infraction-related actions.
Players with an active yellow card are subject to being under "extra watch" by TOs for later offenses. Yellow cards are given expiry dates within the one-to-twelve month range. Players with an active red card are not allowed to participate in any Unity Ruleset tournaments. Red cards typically expire within two to eight weeks.
Infraction categories include but are not limited to bracket manipulation (e.g. intentional forfeiting or prize splitting) and tournament conduct (e.g. disruption or destruction of property).
 Experimental rulesets
Tournament organizers may choose to run experimental rulesets, designed to test out slightly different metagames while retaining the reputation of the Unity Ruleset. TOs must notify a member of the BBR-RC with the nature of the alteration for the tournament to be accepted as being part of the experiment system.
 Recommended tests
- Banning Brinstar and/or Rainbow Cruise
- 1 or 2-stock matches with a different timer
- 5 or 9-stage starter lists
- 2 stage bans per player
- Counterpicking characters before stages
- Allowing Jungle Japes, Norfair, Pirate Ship, Green Greens, Port Town Aero Drive, Onett, Yoshi's Island (Melee), Luigi's Mansion, or Distant Planet
 Related Articles
 External links