The Red Shell (アカのこうら) is a throwing item that will actively hunt out the nearest player, even the player that activated it. Instead of sliding in the same direction it was thrown in after coming in contact with the ground like a green shell, it will start sliding from left to right, targeting the closest player. When stationary, the Red Shell will activate when jumped on or after coming in contact with a hitbox. Like the Green Shell, a sliding Red Shell will halt all movement upon being jumped on. The Red Shell does moderate set knockback and therfore cannot KO opponents at any percentage except lower handicapped opponents. When the Red Shell is reflected, its damage output is increased, but its knockback is not. A reflected Red Shell will also have much more hitlag when it hits a player.
Red Shells have appeared in every Mario game that has a Red Koopa Troopa ever since Super Mario Bros.; however, the way the Red Shell acts in Super Smash Bros. and Melee originates from its behavior in the Mario Kart series, where it homes in on other characters causing the kart that got hit to flip out in an attempt for the firer to steal a place. Also the red shells can backfire too just as it can in Smash. Its behavior in the Smash Bros. games could also be referencing the behavior of Red Koopas, as they don't walk off of ledges like other enemies do.
 Red Koopa Shell
The Red Koopa Shell is a special item that appears in the Adventure Mode of Melee and in The Subspace Emissary of Brawl, which can only be obtained by attacking a Red Koopa Paratroopa or Red Koopa Troopa. In Melee, only one Red Koopa Paratroopa appears. Although similar (but not identical) in appearance to a Red Shell, it behaves like a Green Shell, and does fire damage in Melee, a reference to when Yoshi can eat red shells and spit fire as a result in Super Mario World. When compared to the Green Koopa Shell, it does even more damage and knockback. Another difference from the Red Shell is if it is left alone for a while, it will turn back into a Red Koopa Troopa.
 Other information
 Super Smash Bros instruction booklet description
Basically the same as the Green Shell, this shell bounces back and forth in the same area of the stage.
 Trophy description
Throw a Red Shell, and it will home in on random characters and send them flying straight up. Red Shells moving around the surface are dangerous to all players, but they may also present attack chances for players with good timing and strategy. Red Shells won't leave the platform they're on once they start moving.
 See also